Attentats de San Bernardino et Londres: Ils étaient israéliens et ils ne le savaient pas !

Les-attentats-de-l’Etat-islamique-20-pays-18-mois-plus-de-1-600-morts-Mozilla-Firefox-660x330les-principales-attaques-islamistes-dans-le-monde

CharlesSword
Bluewhitered

Il n’était même pas permis de célébrer le sabbat, ni de garder les fêtes de nos pères, ni simplement de confesser que l’on était Juif. On était conduit par une amère nécessité à participer chaque mois au repas rituel, le jour de la naissance du roi et, lorsqu’arrivaient les fêtes dionysiaques, on devait, couronné de lierre, accompagner le cortège de Dionysos. (…) Ainsi deux femmes furent déférées en justice pour avoir circoncis leurs enfants. On les produisit en public à travers la ville, leurs enfants suspendus à leurs mamelles, avant de les précipiter ainsi du haut des remparts. D’autres s’étaient rendus ensemble dans des cavernes voisines pour y célébrer en cachette le septième jour. Dénoncés à Philippe, ils furent brûlés ensemble, se gardant bien de se défendre eux-mêmes par respect pour la sainteté du jour. (…) Eléazar, un des premiers docteurs de la Loi, homme déjà avancé en âge et du plus noble extérieur, était contraint, tandis qu’on lui ouvrait la bouche de force, de manger de la chair de porc. Mais lui, préférant une mort glorieuse à une existence infâme, marchait volontairement au supplice de la roue,non sans avoir craché sa bouchée, comme le doivent faire ceux qui ont le courage de rejeter ce à quoi il n’est pas permis de goûter par amour de la vie. 2 Maccabées 6 : 6-20
D’abord ils sont venus (…) pour les Juifs, mais je n’ai rien dit parce que je n’étais pas juif … Martin Niemöller
J’ai une prémonition qui ne me quittera pas: ce qui adviendra d’Israël sera notre sort à tous. Si Israël devait périr, l’holocauste fondrait sur nous. Eric Hoffer
Si Israël est un occupant dans son pays, le christianisme, qui tire sa légitimité de l’histoire d’Israël, l’est aussi comme le serait tout autre État infidèle. Bat Ye’or
La libération de la Palestine a pour but de “purifier” le pays de toute présence sioniste. (…) Le partage de la Palestine en 1947 et la création de l’État d’Israël sont des événements nuls et non avenus. (…) La Charte ne peut être amendée que par une majorité des deux tiers de tous les membres du Conseil national de l’Organisation de libération de la Palestine réunis en session extraordinaire convoquée à cet effet. Charte de l’OLP (articles 15, 19 et 33, 1964)
In the 67 years since Israel was founded in territory once controlled by Britain, no member of the Royal family has ever visited in an official capacity. While Prince Charles and others have occasionally set foot in Israel, Buckingham Palace and the British Government have been at pains to stress they were personal visits and not official ones. The rejected invitations are a source of deep frustration for Israel, especially as the Royal family has made high-profile visits to authoritarian regional neighbours like Saudi Arabia and Qatar, as Charles did in February. (…) « Until there is a settlement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, the Royal family can’t really go there, » said one Whitehall source. (…) Some Israelis have long believed that the Foreign Office blocks any Royal visits because of its supposed domination by Arabist diplomats. The Telegraph
While China grieved and expressed its outrage following the savage stabbing of innocent civilians by Xinjiang separatists at the crowded railway station in southwest China’s Kunming Saturday night, some Western media organizations, including CNN, Associated Press, the New York Times, and the Washington Post, were already presenting their audiences and their readership with a distorted view of events. The terrorist attack that occurred on Saturday night at the train station in southwest China’s Kunming city left at least 29 innocent civilians dead and more than 130 injured. The deadly attack was orchestrated by Xinjiang separatist forces. This was an act of terrorism directed against the whole of humanity, civilization and society. The international community strongly condemned this cruel attack, but the coverage of the incident by a few Western media organizations, including CNN, Associated Press, The New York Times, and the Washington Post was dishonest and appeared to be directed by ulterior motives. Emanating from such loud advocates of « the fight against terrorism », the coverage was insulting and has led to widespread resentment in China. There was extensive evidence at the crime scene to leave no doubt that the Kunming Railway station attack was nothing other than a violent terrorist crime. But regardless of this evidence, some western media organizations were unwilling to use the word « terrorism » in their coverage. CNN’s report on March 3 put the word « terrorists » in quotation marks, and offered the view that « mass knife attacks » are « not unprecedented » in China. The intention here was to associate this terrorist incident with a number of attacks that occurred in 2010 and 2012, all the more disgusting because these attacks happened at schools, they were conducted by individuals who were clearly mentally disturbed, and their victims were children. None of the perpetrators had any political connections, or any political motives. The Associated Press report used the term « described by the authorities as » to qualify their use of the word « terrorists ». The New York Times and the Washington Post called the terrorists « attackers ». (…) Faced with such tragedy and such unambiguous facts, it is a hard-hearted and cynical media that would engage in such hypocrisy. Don’t they love to talk about « human rights »? Did they not see the pictures of innocent victims lying in pools of their own blood? Did they show even the slightest concern for the victims and their « human rights »? Should such an event occur in America, how would they respond to the incident? Would they be quite so coy about describing the murderers as « terrorists »? (…) On the issue of terrorism and terrorists, the double standards adopted by the United States and some Western media organizations cause actual harm to others, while providing them with neither benefit nor credit. They would do well to hope that their conduct and their attitudes do not ever rebound back on themselves. People’s daily
In many ways, Hamtramck is a microcosm of the fears gripping parts of the country since the Islamic State’s attacks on Paris: The influx of Muslims here has profoundly unsettled some residents of the town long known for its love of dancing, beer, paczki pastries and the pope. And while Majewski advocated to allow mosques to issue calls to prayer, she understands why some longtime residents are struggling to adjust to the sound that echos through the city’s streets five times each day. “There’s definitely a strong feeling that Muslims are the other,” she said. “It’s about culture, what kind of place Hamtramck will become. There’s definitely a fear, and to some degree, I share it.” While the city’s Polish Catholic population has shrunk from 90 percent in 1970 to about 11 percent today, in part as the old residents have moved to more prosperous suburbs, Polish American culture still permeates the town. Labor Day, known as Polish Day here, is marked with music, drinking and street dancing. The roof of the Polish cathedral-style St. Florian Church peaks above the city landscape, and a large statue of Pope John Paul II, who visited the city in 1987, towers over Pope Park on Joseph Campau Avenue. The Polish pope’s cousin, John Wojtylo, was a Hamtramck city councilman in the 1940s and 1950s, according to local historian Greg Kowalski. Many longtime residents point to 2004 as the year they suspected that the town’s culture had shifted irrevocably. It was then that the city council gave permission to al-Islah Islamic Center to broadcast its call to prayer from speakers atop its roof. NYT
Le FN, contrairement à ce qu’a dit Jean-Christophe Cambadélis, n’était pas surcoté mais sous-coté. Les scores que ce parti a fait dès le premier tour dans les treize régions ne devraient plus permettre les illusions ni les dénonciations, qui ont eu l’effet contre-productif de le faire progresser encore plus. Dans ce registre, difficile de faire plus indécent que la déclaration de Pierre de Saintignon assimilant «les extrémistes» aux «salafistes». Le FN est le premier parti de France devant LR et même si le parti socialiste sauve les meubles au regard de sa déroute annoncée, il va se trouver confronté durant la semaine à un choix décisif et d’une certaine manière mauvais dans toutes ses options. (…) A l’encontre du FN, il n’est plus possible de se goberger avec les mots «République, valeurs, principes, démocratie, honte, nauséabond, Vichy…». Il faut impérativement se pencher sur les ressorts qui détournent des partis classiques et incitent un grand nombre de citoyens à voter en faveur de cette force facilement qualifiée de non républicaine et d’extrémiste. Il n’est plus concevable, comme récemment je l’ai lu dans un éditorial du Monde, à la fois de mépriser les électeurs du FN et de n’inviter à résister que par des pétitions de principe qui se gardent bien de démontrer ce qu’on énonce comme irréfutable. Le président de la République est le premier responsable de cet aveuglement. En effet, on ne peut en même temps s’afficher en chef de guerre à l’extérieur et à l’intérieur contre le terrorisme mais maintenir la garde des Sceaux et donc sa politique pénale calamiteuse qui sont directement au cœur de la protestation majoritaire, cohérente et aussi éruptive contre le pouvoir socialiste. Continuer à ressasser contre le FN le discours habituel serait d’autant plus préjudiciable à la cause démocratique qu’on ne peut traiter avec cette désinvolture et cette arrogance un parti qui non seulement n’est plus le groupuscule de l’extrême droite qu’on aurait rêvé qu’il demeurât mais qu’il est devenu le premier parti français avec des millions d’électeurs en sa faveur. (…) Ni insultes ni slogans ni abstractions généreuses, creuses et inefficaces mais la démonstration claire que le FN ne représentera jamais, aujourd’hui et demain, une chance opératoire pour les régions comme pour la France. Qu’il ne faut pas le récuser parce qu’il ne serait pas dans notre espace républicain alors qu’il y est en plein mais au motif prépondérant que ses propositions aggraveraient le sort de notre pays. On n’a pas à traîner dans la boue politiquement et médiatiquement un parti que beaucoup de nos concitoyens ont décidé de placer en tête, parce qu’ils en ont assez de tout ou du socialisme, ou parce que certains y croient. Mais à expliquer pourquoi il ne serait pas l’avenir et que ce qu’il porte de positif sur le plan de l’ordre, de la sécurité, de la justice, de la rigueur de l’Etat, LR sera le seul parti à pouvoir le mettre en œuvre. Philippe Bilger
Dans le cas de l’attentat revendiqué par Facebook par l’Etat islamique qui profite de la radicalisation de cette américaine, c’est tout autre chose. Il s’agit d’un terrorisme spontanéiste. Il s’agit de gens qui avaient probablement des problèmes personnels, et qui, pour se venger de la société, ont adhéré aux thèses de l’Etat islamique en se radicalisant probablement sur internet. En ce qui concerne l’agression à Londres, s’il est confirmé qu’il s’agit d’une agression terroriste, elle peut avoir plusieurs raisons. La première, c’est que le porte-parole de l’Etat islamique a demandé dans une vidéo mise en ligne il y a quelques mois d’attaquer les infidèles par tous les moyens, notamment en utilisant des couteaux. On avait déjà vu ça à la Défense quand un militaire français avait été agressé, ou encore à Londres avec une attaque à la machette. Il y a eu également cette intifada des couteaux dans les territoires palestiniens ou en Israël. Il ne s’agit pas de l’Etat islamique mais la logique est la même. Ça fait partie des terrorismes spontanéiste, individuels. Cela se base sur une théorie qui a été développée par un penseur salafiste djihadiste, Abou Moussab Al-Souri. Cet homme d’origine syrienne a bien connu Bel Laden et a probablement été l’inspirateur des attentats de Madrid. Il avait disparu, puis a été retrouvé en Syrie par la police d’Assad qui l’a mis en prison. Ce dernier l’a libéré il y a trois ans. Abou Moussab Al-Souri a écrit un livre prônant ce type d’actions individuelles, utilisant tous les moyens à la disposition pour frapper les infidèles. On ne sait pas ce qu’il est devenu depuis sa libération des geôles d’Assad mais on sait que sa pensée a une très grande influence sur les djihadistes. Le cancer de l’Etat islamique produit des métastases. On sait maintenant qu’après chaque gros attentat, il y a des gens qui se sentent appelés à faire quelque chose. Il s’agit à l’évidence le plus souvent de déséquilibrés mais qui se sentent appelés à l’action par un discours visant justement à susciter ce genre de comportement chez ce genre de gens. (…) On peut les qualifier de terroristes-psychopathes car dans la plupart des affaires de terrorisme individuel de ce type, que ce soit foncer avec sa voiture sur des innocents, ou attaquer à la machette ou au couteau, n’importe quel psychiatre vous expliquera qu’il y a un dérèglement psychologique. Mais justement, l’Etat islamique vise ce genre d’individus. Ils font d’ailleurs des études de comportement pour savoir comment s’y prendre. Leur propagande vidéo sordide à notamment pour objectif d’atteindre le psychisme des plus faibles, et des plus perturbés. Ce sont des déséquilibrés qui agissent, mais en raison d’une stratégie mise au service d’une idéologie, l’idéologie islamiste. Roland Jaccard

Ils étaient israéliens et ils ne le savaient pas !

Refus réitéré de visite d’Israël d’une couronne britannique qui passe son temps à danser avec les tyrans, reconnaissance jusqu’à l’ONU d’un prétendu Etat dont la charte continue à appeler à la destruction de son voisin, entérinement du prétendu droit à l’arme nucléaire d’un Etat appelant exxplicitement lui aussi à l’annihilation d’un de ses voisins, appel à l’étiquetage des produits de la seule véritable démocratie du Moyen-Orient, cartes et listes d’attentats terroristes excluant systématiquement le pays qui en fut et continue à en être l’une des première victimes …

A l’heure où sur fond d’attentats quasi-quotidiens au couteau de cuisine et de confirmation de la sauvagerie des hommes de main de l’OLP …

Nos amis juifs s’apprêtent à fêter le 2180e anniversaire de la reconsécration, après des années de profanations et d’exactions syro-grecques du Temple dont on leur refuse aujourd’hui jusqu’à l’existence ……

Et qu’après la France (ou l’Allemagne ou même la Chine), Etats-Unis comme Royaume-Uni (re)découvrent les affres du terrorisme islamique …

Pendant que  leurs populations  respectives semblent se décider enfin à reconnaitre tant les analyses que les symboles nationaux qu’elles avaient abandonnés à des lanceurs d’alerte jusqu’ici dénoncés comme racistes ou fascisants

Et que les masses de nouveaux damnés de la terre qui déferlent quotidiennement sur nos plages et nos villes n’éprouvent même plus le besoin de cacher leurs sentiments profonds …

Comment expliquer l’étrange déni et aveuglement de nos médias comme de nos dirigeants …

Devant la désormais aveuglante israélianité, face à la menace islamiste venue de Rakka, Gaza ou Ramallah, de notre sort à tous ?

Attaques de Londres et San Bernardino : doit-on craindre la multiplication d’attaques terroristes d’individus isolés ?
A San Bernardino comme à Londres, les attaques terroristes islamistes semblent avoir été menées de manière autonome par un individu seul ou deux personnes. Ce mode opératoire par micro-cellules totalement indépendantes a de quoi inquiéter car complique la tâche des services de renseignement.
Atlantico
7 Décembre 2015

Atlantico : On a appris aujourd’hui que l’attaque perpétrée à San Bernardino et celle au couteau commise dans le métro de Londres était bel et bien des attaques djihadistes. Qu’est-ce qui différencie ces attentats de ceux du 13 novembre et de Charlie Hebdo ?

Roland Jacquard : Dans le cadre des attentats du 13 novembre et de Charlie hebdo, il s’agissait de terrorisme préparé à l’avance par des équipes paramilitaire avec des repérages d’objectifs préliminaires etc. Il s’agissait d’un terrorisme de masse visant à faire un maximum de victimes pour créer un sentiment de panique et d’insécurité. Dans le cas de l’attentat revendiqué par Facebook par l’Etat islamique qui profite de la radicalisation de cette américaine, c’est tout autre chose. Il s’agit d’un terrorisme spontanéiste.

Il s’agit de gens qui avaient probablement des problèmes personnels, et qui, pour se venger de la société, ont adhéré aux thèses de l’Etat islamique en se radicalisant probablement sur internet. En ce qui concerne l’agression à Londres, s’il est confirmé qu’il s’agit d’une agression terroriste, elle peut avoir plusieurs raisons.

La première, c’est que le porte-parole de l’Etat islamique a demandé dans une vidéo mise en ligne il y a quelques mois d’attaquer les infidèles par tous les moyens, notamment en utilisant des couteaux. On avait déjà vu ça à la Défense quand un militaire français avait été agressé, ou encore à Londres avec une attaque à la machette. Il y a eu également cette intifada des couteaux dans les territoires palestiniens ou en Israël. Il ne s’agit pas de l’Etat islamique mais la logique est la même. Ça fait partie des terrorismes spontanéiste, individuels. Cela se base sur une théorie qui a été développée par un penseur salafiste djihadiste, Abou Moussab Al-Souri. Cet homme d’origine syrienne a bien connu Bel Laden et a probablement été l’inspirateur des attentats de Madrid. Il avait disparu, puis a été retrouvé en Syrie par la police d’Assad qui l’a mis en prison. Ce dernier l’a libéré il y a trois ans. Abou Moussab Al-Souri a écrit un livre prônant ce type d’actions individuelles, utilisant tous les moyens à la disposition pour frapper les infidèles. On ne sait pas ce qu’il est devenu depuis sa libération des geôles d’Assad mais on sait que sa pensée a une très grande influence sur les djihadistes.

Le cancer de l’Etat islamique produit des métastases. On sait maintenant qu’après chaque gros attentat, il y a des gens qui se sentent appelés à faire quelque chose. Il s’agit à l’évidence le plus souvent de déséquilibrés mais qui se sentent appelés à l’action par un discours visant justement à susciter ce genre de comportement chez ce genre de gens.

On se souvient qu’il y a un an, plusieurs attaques avaient été commises en France par des islamistes qui ont écrasé des passants au volant de leur voiture. A l’époque, une certaine exaspération s’était manifestée dans la population car les autorités semblaient minimiser la dimension idéologique et religieuse de ces attaques en parlant « d’actes de déséquilibrés ». Qui sont ces gens et quelle est la meilleure manière de les qualifier ?

On peut les qualifier de terroristes-psychopathes car dans la plupart des affaires de terrorisme individuel de ce type, que ce soit foncer avec sa voiture sur des innocents, ou attaquer à la machette ou au couteau, n’importe quel psychiatre vous expliquera qu’il y a un dérèglement psychologique. Mais justement, l’Etat islamique vise ce genre d’individus. Ils font d’ailleurs des études de comportement pour savoir comment s’y prendre. Leur propagande vidéo sordide à notamment pour objectif d’atteindre le psychisme des plus faibles, et des plus perturbés. Ce sont des déséquilibrés qui agissent, mais en raison d’une stratégie mise au service d’une idéologie, l’idéologie islamiste.

Voir également:

Attentats à Paris. Les principales attaques islamistes dans le monde

Espagne, Royaume-Uni, Belgique, Indonésie, Tunisie:des dizaines de personnes sont mortes dans des attentats islamiques dans le monde depuis 2001.

Les attentats commis vendredi soir à Paris comptent parmi les plus meurtriers commis par les islamistes contre les intérêts occidentaux depuis 2001.

11 septembre 2001, New-York (Etats-Unis): Deux avions percutent les tours du World Trade Center: 2977 tués.

11 avril 2002, Djerba (Tunisie): 19 tués dans une synagogue

12 octobre 2002, à Bali (Indonésie): 202 tués.

12 mai 2003, en Arabie Saoudite, 39 tués.

5 août 2003, à Djakarta (Indonésie): 12 tués

11 mars 2004, Madrid (Espagne): 193 morts

24 mai 2004, en Arabie Saoudite: 22 tués

7 juillet 2005, à Londres (Royaume-Uni): 52 tués

1er octobre 2005, à Bali (Indonésie): 20 tués

17 juillet 2009, à Djakarta (Indonésie): 7 tués.

11 au 19 mars 2012, à Toulouse et Montauban (France): 7 tués

16 janvier 2013, Algérie: 43 morts

15 avril 2013, Boston (Etats-Unis: 5 tués lors du marathon

24 mai 2014, musée juif à Bruxelle (Belgique): 4 tués

18 mars 2015, musée du Bardo (Tunisie): 18 tués

25 juin 2015, Port El Kantaoui, à Sousse (Tunisie): 38 tués

7 au 9 janvier 2015, à Paris: 17 tués.

13 novembre 2015 à Paris: 129 tués.

Voir encore:

French Resolution
No Surrender This Time

Michel Gurfinkiel

France faces a future of ethnic civil war at worst, and periodic terrorist attacks and political tumult at minimum. Yet its difficulties—both geopolitical and demographic—can be overcome with patience and determination.
The November 13 killing spree in Paris came as no surprise. The Islamic State had threatened France explicitly and repeatedly for more than a year, and French government officials high and low issued warnings as well. Most pointedly, Judge Marc Trevidic, who was in charge of antiterrorist investigations in France for ten years, disclosed in September that IS was planning “something big” against France. He spoke of an “overbid logic” among competing jihadi groups: “Each group is eager to strike further and in a heavier way than other groups. They all want to win the Pulitzer prize of terrorism–that is to say to do something as grand and as lethal as 9/11.” Hence ISIS in Paris on November 13, and al-Qaeda in Bamako on November 20.

If the French were not surprised by the November 13 atrocities, they were nevertheless bewildered. We thought we understood terrorism well, and we thought, especially after the January Charlie Hebdo attack, that we were mobilized and able in our own defense. We had activated a low-key state of emergency, Plan Vigipirate, following the 1995 bombings by Algerian Islamists in Paris, and maintained it constantly ever since. After the Charlie Hebdo attack, Vigipirate was supplemented by another security program, Sentinelle. However, November 13 was different: It was not merely terrorism, but war: not just in the sense that this enemy controls territory in the Middle East and is undertaking a state-building and governing process such as no previous terrorist enemy has ever done; but also in the sense that it trains military style units to operate among us, using complex and sophisticate plans, and ultimately to secure enclaves or bridgeheads on our soil.

Nonetheless, people here wonder why, if French officials knew so much and talked so much about the threat, they failed to neutralize it? And even deeper questions are still in the process of being formed and answered.

First, as has been widely remarked, to some extent the failure to prevent the attack came down to the failure of the state to keep up with the threat level. Governments usually move much slower than non-state actors on the prowl. So the combination of the outflow of the Syrian civil war, the power vacuum in Libya, and the increasing pace of French engagement against terrorism (in Mali and in the Levant most prominently) combined to overwhelm the budgets of the security services. All true, but the problem goes beyond that.

The French people are slowly coming to appreciate that the state lacks the tools required for war, on either the domestic or the foreign front. The deficit starts with numbers. According to Vincent Desportes, a former Army general who now teaches at Sciences Po in Paris and author of La Dernière Bataille de la France (France’s Last Battle), the French security apparatus has been overstretched since before the Syrian civil war. Operational strength fell by 25 percent under the conservative Administration of Nicolas Sarkozy (2007–12), and by another 25 percent under the first three-and-a-half years of the socialist Hollande Administration. These cuts together have shrunk the force from 200,000 combat-able personnel to just a bit more than 100,000 in a delayed French version of a “peace dividend”—but it has been a reduction in truth propelled more by recent anxieties about a growing national debt, a consequence of the very difficult math involved in reconciling a still-generous welfare state with a stultified economy.

On the other hand, France is still eager to be seen as a global military power, so much so that about a third of its remaining combat force—30,000 men and women—are dispatched to permanent or semi-permanent missions abroad, from the Sahel countries to the Middle East to Afghanistan. To have nearly a third of the country’s active-duty military forces overseas in the absence of a major war is unprecedented, and it is both expensive and dangerous.

Beyond the armed forces proper, the French rely on the Gendarmerie, a semi-militarized police corps originally in charge of the rural areas but now active in urban areas as well, and the regular police, each over 100,000 strong in terms of operational personnel. The operational defense and security apparatus as a whole can thus be estimated to be about 300,000 or so, which is barely enough, by any standard, for a population of 67 million (overseas territories included) in a state of multilateral war.

Security personnel, including army personnel, involved in the post-Charlie Hebdo Operation Sentinelle, the protection of places deemed “sensible” (sensitive, i.e. more likely to be attacked), have consistently complained of being overworked. What about the much broader assignments they now face now under a heightened state of emergency? True, the Hollande Administration decided in the wake of November 13 to reverse the previous trends and expand the security forces: some 8,000 troops are to be recruited to start with. Another project is the formation of a voluntary reserve force, already dubbed the National Guard. Yet such things cannot be implemented overnight. New organizations must be adjusted to the larger defense and security structure, and of course all new personnel must be trained and equipped.

A second major difficulty arises from the ethnic and religious diversity of contemporary France, the discussion of which has taken on a different, and more frank, tone since November 13. Whereas the November 13 terrorists in Paris were apparently Muslim French or Belgian citizens of North African descent, their victims were overwhelmingly ethnic French. Some media attempted to conceal these facts, if only by highlighting the presence at Bataclan and other places of some people of North African or African descent. However, such intimations melted away before the fairer faces of the majority of victims and missing persons, seen across the web and on social networks. The unsettling sense that the terrorist attacks contained an element of minority-versus-majority genocidal intent has become very widespread, not so surprising really in what is, despite centuries of attempted transcendence, a country with a bloodline-based nationalism.

Also dawning is the uneasy realization that a war on terror might escalate into a kind of civil war between the ethnic French and the French Muslims, even if the security forces are thoroughly integrated and in fact list a high proportion members of the ethnic and religious minorities, including observant Muslims. Again, the numbers seem to matter.

Due to a combination of immigration and natural increase, the French Muslim community grew from about 5 percent of the total population of 60 million in 1997 to 9 percent of 67 million in 2014. Where in 1997 there were 3 million French Muslims there are now 6.5 million. Moreover, some places—big cities as well are rural areas—now have Muslim majorities. And in younger cohorts, thanks to greater fertility or the inflow of immigrants, the proportion of Muslims is much higher than the national average: Fully a fifth of French citizens or residents under age 24 are Muslims.

Once one sees these demographic, geographical, and generational factors together, the likely consequences of an internecine conflict become clear. For instance, in the département (county) of Seine Saint-Denis in the northern suburbs of Paris—of which Saint-Denis is the administrative center—around 30 percent of the population and about 50 percent of the youth are Muslim. Since war, including civil war, is fought by young persons (usually young men) in their late teens and early twenties, the Muslim/non-Muslim ratio there would not be 1 to 9, as the overall demographic data would suggest, but closer to 1 to 1.

Which raises a further question: How central is radical Islam to the lives of French Muslims, and, by implication, how “French” do they feel ? According to a comprehensive investigation published just one year ago by Fondapol (the French Foundation for Political Innovation), a political science think tank, French Muslims split into three group: “observants”, believers, and “French citizens of Muslim origin.” The first group, which enforces strict religious practice among its members and is largely influenced by Wahhabism and other fundamentalist movements (more often than not, its mosques are funded by Saudi Arabia or Qatar), grew from 36 percent in 2001 to 42 percent in 2014. It is much more likely than the two other groups to entertain negative views of non-Muslims. The second group, whose members advocate a measure of compromise between traditional Islam and the French way of life, and entertains slightly less negative views against non-Muslims, fell from 42 percent in 2001 to 34 percent in 2014. The third group, whose members clearly identify with French culture, human rights, and French democratic patriotism, and which tends to be more positive toward non-Muslims, including Jews, fell from 25 percent in 2007 to 21 percent in 2014. All in all, religious assertiveness is clearly growing among French Muslims and, in a political age, is bound to be politicized before long and at least to some extent.

These trends are leading to the increasing de facto segregation of Muslims from non-Muslims, a condition that Muslim communities increasingly seem to choose. It is now frequently the case that neighborhoods with Muslim majorities are “no-go zones” where the even the police fear to tread. Christine Angot, a liberal-minded best-selling writer, participated this past summer in a television program at the working-class neighborhood in Chateauroux in central France, where she was brought up. She realized that the place had become such a Muslim “no-go zone.” She described her experience in Le Monde on October 1:

When we arrived—all of us, the TV crew complete with their cameras and sound booms, and the writer who grew up there—we had to account for ourselves, to show our identity cards, to prove who we were, to state exactly where I had lived. . . . And then, the director’s first name—David, his full name being David Teboul—supplied material for unsavory jokes. . . . Some of the locals tried to intimidate us, saying that television was a cartel of the Jews. . . . All this was uttered in a very menacing tone. . . . We shot a few scenes under a running fire of jibes and jeering, and as we left we were told to pay our compliments to the Talmud. . . . I swear we felt most uncomfortable.
The talk of a civil war may be somewhat paranoid, but the prediction that internal support for terrorism will grow has already been borne out by events. Most observant and traditional Muslims are peaceful citizens, and understand well that Islam benefits from French-style democracy. They perceive a vested interest in keeping it functioning, but some still cannot help but entertain sympathies for radical groups outside of France. According to an ICM Research poll released in 2014, 19 percent of French Muslims expressed “positive” or “very positive” views of the Islamic State. Among those under the age of 24, the figure was 27 percent. Evidently, this is the milieu that provides volunteers for ISIS training camps in Syria and Iraq.

Some experts think that the Islamic State’s ultimate goal in the current terror attacks actually is to arouse more suspicion and hostility among ethnic French about French Muslims, and as a consequence create a more polarized atmosphere that will drive more French Muslims to identify with ISIS—thus making the prospect of a ghastly civil war more likely. The jihadi calculation, according to this thesis, is that France will not risk such an outcome and will instead surrender, by withdrawing its forces from Africa and the Middle East.

It could be, but France’s resilience may be stronger than its enemies think. The French are learning anew the importance of national sovereignty, identity, defense, and solidarity, and even the value of their Christian heritage as well. This may translate into a political upheaval: the rise of either the classic Right or the National Front, or of a new brand of liberal or leftwing patriotism. Either way, the upheaval could translate into a simultaneous cultural revolution that could include the abandonment of multiculturalism, the return of Christian pride (Catholic churches are now packed on Sundays), and the rehabilitation of family values. The very notion of surrender or appeasement of militant Islam is becoming so repugnant that the French are increasingly willing to bear very high costs to avoid it.

In recent years Jews have been a main target of jihadi violence in France, from the Jewish school massacre in Toulouse in 2012 to the HyperCasher massacre in 2015. It goes on: Four days after the November 13 attacks, a Jewish teacher was stabbed in Marseilles by three men wearing pro-ISIS t-shirts. While the government and the political class constantly expressed their concern, and the police have provided large-scale protection to synagogues and other Jewish public places under the Vigipirate and Sentinelle programs,, many Jews wondered whether parts of the public are not in fact indifferent, ready to wave away Muslim anti-Semitism and terrorism, even in France, as an outcome of an alleged Israeli unwillingness to come to terms with the Palestinians.

The new patriotic mood that has been emerging since November 13 seems to have muted this “argument.” Since everybody feels threatened now and everybody demands protection, there is much greater understanding and sympathy for the special case of the Jews. Israel is no longer described in the media as a country engaged in a colonial war of sorts against the Palestinians, but rather as a victim, along with France, of jihadi terrorism—and even sometimes as a positive example of successful antiterrorist mobilization.

For all that, the long-term consequences may not be positive for Jews, and French-Jewish emigration, either to Israel or North America, will likely not subside. One reason is that greater ethnic and religious polarization means less toleration of all third parties. Jews are seen as enemies, just as Christians are so seen, by radical Muslims—and the fact that Jews and Muslims have a lot in common religiously is irrelevant. Jules Renard, an early 20th-century writer, noted how difficult it was to teach cats to chase mice but leave canaries alone: “A subtle point, and even the smartest cats do not quite get it.” Alas, radical Muslims are rarely well educated in their own traditions; they are far from being the smartest cats.

The geopolitical consequences of November 13 might be problematic as well. There is a near-consensus in France that ISIS must be punished and destroyed. There is also a temptation, due to the present eclipse of American power and influence in the Middle East, to enter into a broad anti-ISIS coalition with Russia, Iran, the Assad regime in Syria, and Hizballah in Lebanon. This would be disastrous. Russia is everything but a reliable geopolitical partner for Western countries, and seems to be more interested in asserting itself or strengthening its vassals than in fighting the Islamic State. As for Iran, the Assad regime, and Hizballah, they have been heavily involved for decades in religious and political radicalism and terrorism, not just in the Middle East, but in Western countries as well, from France to Argentina.

As for Israel and Judaism, Russia’s present stand is outwardly not negative, but the three other partners in the Russian-led coalition are rabid enemies of the Jewish State and among the contemporary world’s main purveyors of anti-Semitism. To throw France’s lot in with such allies may be no improvement on surrendering to the jihadists.

France’s ideal allies in the fight against the Islamic State are the United States, because it is powerful and tends to see the problem in more or less the same way, and Turkey, because it is close by, locally potent, and has recently been savaged by ISIS attacks itself. Alas, both the present American Administration and the present Turkish government have been wavering in their strategic priorities and neglecting their obvious national interests. Moreover, the Russian-Iranian-Alawi axis complicates and deters the formation of an effective coalition more than it helps it. The complications could be overcome were strong U.S. leadership brought to bear, but that leadership apparently will not be forthcoming until at least January 2017. The time between now and then will be difficult. France must therefore be patient as well as resolved.

Michel Gurfinkiel, a French journalist and public intellectual, served as editor-in-chief of Valeurs Actuelles from 1985 to 2006, and authored several books on geopolitics, international relations and culture. He is the Founder and President of the Jean-Jacques Rousseau Institute, a conservative think thank, and a Shillman/Ginsburg Fellow at Middle East Forum.

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Why does the British Royal Family visit Saudi Arabia but not Israel?

Members of the Royal family regularly visit authoritarian Arab states, but they have never made an official trip to Israel
Raf Sanchez, Jerusalem, and Gordon Rayner

The Telegraph

05 Dec 2015

When Prince Charles threaded through the hallways of last week’s climate change conference in Paris, he swapped ideas with world leaders on how to confront the dangers of a warming planet.

But Benjamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister, had something else on his mind. During a brief meeting, he invited the Prince of Wales to pay an official visit to Israel.

Mr Netanyahu’s offer – like dozens of others extended by Israeli leaders to the Royal family – is unlikely to be taken up.

In the 67 years since Israel was founded in territory once controlled by Britain, no member of the Royal family has ever visited in an official capacity. While Prince Charles and others have occasionally set foot in Israel, Buckingham Palace and the British Government have been at pains to stress they were personal visits and not official ones.

The rejected invitations are a source of deep frustration for Israel, especially as the Royal family has made high-profile visits to authoritarian regional neighbours like Saudi Arabia and Qatar, as Charles did in February.

“We’re the only democracy in the Middle East and so you ask why do the Royals go to the Arab dictatorships around us but they don’t come here?” said one Israeli official.

The issue is sometimes raised by exasperated commentators in the Israeli media. “Is there another member state of the United Nations that the British Royals have so consistently and assiduously snubbed in this way?” asked David Landau, an Anglo-Israeli journalist.

In 1997, Ezer Weizman, then Israel’s president, paid a state visit to Britain. These visits are usually reciprocated – yet Britain has pointedly ignored this particular tradition in the case of Israel.

Dror Zeigerman, then Israel’s ambassador to London, recalled that the Queen got along well with Mr Weizman during a banquet at Buckingham Palace, recalling how the latter served in the RAF during the Second World War.

“We sat together and I remember he invited the Queen to come to Israel and she said she would be happy to come,” said Mr Zeigerman. “But that was nearly 20 years ago and there’s been no visit.”

The explanation for the absence is acutely sensitive. The Queen’s official visits are coordinated by the Government of the day and reflect foreign policy priorities, not her personal preferences.

A spokesman for Buckingham Palace said: « All overseas visits by members of the Royal family are undertaken on the advice of the British Government. »

The Foreign Office declined to comment, but British officials say there are too many political landmines in the way of a visit to a country that occupies Palestinian territory and lives within disputed borders.

« Until there is a settlement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, the Royal family can’t really go there, » said one Whitehall source.

« There have been inward State Visits by Israel, which just involves dealing with the Head of State, but in Israel so much politics is caught up in the land itself that it’s best to avoid those complications altogether by not going there. »

A trip to Jerusalem by the Duke of Edinburgh in 1994 illustrates some of the difficulties.

His mother, Princess Alice of Battenberg, is buried on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem and Prince Phillip went to visit her grave.

The princess is revered in Israel because she opened the doors of her Athens palace to a Jewish family seeking refuge from the Nazis during the Second World War.

She is counted as one of the « Righteous Among Nations », an Israeli title given to those who saved Jews from Nazi death camps. Today, she is honoured at Israel’s national Holocaust memorial alongside Oskar Schindler, the German industrialist who rescued hundreds of Jews and inspired the film Schindler’s List.

But despite Israel’s warm feelings towards his mother, Buckingham Palace said the Duke’s visit was private and he was not there in an official capacity.

The contorted explanation mirrors Jerusalem’s own tortured geography. The Mount of Olives is in the eastern side of the city, which Israel captured in 1967. Israel claims East Jerusalem as part of its “complete and united” capital, but Britain considers the area to be occupied territory.

Any Royal visit would also have to be balanced by meetings with the Palestinian Authority, which brings a new set of sensitivities. Boris Johnson discovered the possible pitfalls last month when he was forced to cancel meetings in the West Bank after angering Palestinians by denouncing calls for a boycott of Israeli goods.

Some Israelis have long believed that the Foreign Office blocks any Royal visits because of its supposed domination by Arabist diplomats.

Emails sent by one of Prince Charles’s aides in 2007 also hint at suspicions among Royal staff that Israel would try to make political capital out of a visit.

Clive Alderton, the Prince’s deputy private secretary, warned that Royal aides should not visit Israel in case it created expectations of a visit by the Prince of Wales himself.

An ultra-Orthodox Jewish man stands at a view-point overlooking a wooden ramp (C) leading up from Judaism’s Western Wall to the sacred compound known to Muslims as the Noble Sanctuary and to Jews as Temple Mount, where the al-Aqsa mosque and the Dome of the Rock shrine stand, in Jerusalem’s Old City  Photo: Ronen Zvulun/Reuters

“Safe to assume there is no chance of this visit ever actually happening?” Mr Alderton wrote. “Acceptance would make it hard to avoid the many ways in which Israel would want [Prince Charles] to help burnish its international image.”

The exchange was leaked to the Jewish Chronicle, forcing Clarence House into an embarrassing clarification.

One former British official said the government sees the offer of a Royal visit as a bargaining chip which could be redeemed in return for business or political deals. “They are a kind of currency in foreign policy,” he said

While Saudi Arabia is a large buyer of British weapons and professional services, Israel is not. There may there simply be less of an incentive for the Government to deploy a Royal visit.

Some also suggest that official visits are easier in countries with their own monarchs, who can act as natural hosts for the Queen or her family. That may be true, but the Royal family regularly visit republics like France and the US. Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall even visited Egypt in 2006, while it was ruled by Hosni Mubarak, the dictator who was toppled five years later.

For the foreseeable future, the prospects of a Royal visit to Israel seem dim, especially as the peace process with the Palestinians continues to stagnate. But it is worth remembering that Ireland was once seen as out of bounds for Royal travel, only for the Queen to make a hugely successful visit in 2011.

At the age of 89, the Queen is travelling less frequently. But Israelis are hopeful that either the Prince of Wales or the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge might visit one day. There is one possible straw in the wind: this year Prince Charles decided to become a a patron of World Jewish Relief, a global charity.

“The invitation has been on the table for 67 years and we hope that one day it will be taken up,” said Aliza Lavie, a member of the Israeli parliament for the Yesh Atid opposition party. “It would be a privilege to have them here and they would be welcome in Israel anytime.”

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Berlin: un Irakien abattu après avoir attaqué une policière au couteau

L’Express
avec AFP
17/09/2015

Le suspect qui s’en est pris à une policière, la blessant grièvement, a été tué par balle par les forces de l’ordre. L’homme avait déjà été condamné pour un projet d’attentat contre le premier ministre irakien.

Un Irakien de 41 ans, « suspecté d’islamisme« , a été tué par balles par la police à Berlin, après avoir grièvement blessé une policière avec un couteau ce jeudi matin. C’est ce que rapporte le parquet de la capitale allemande, précisant que l’homme avait déjà été condamné en 2008 pour un projet d’attentat.

8 ans de prison pour un projet attentat

L’homme identifié comme Rafik Y. avait été condamné à huit ans de prison en Allemagne pour avoir projeté un attentat contre le premier ministre irakien Iyad Allaoui, assure une porte-parole du parquet. Selon l’agence allemande DPA, le procureur Dirk Feuerberg a jugé prématuré de parler d’un acte « terroriste » et d’un crime prémédité. Son domicile doit encore faire l’objet d’une perquisition.

« L’assaillant tué a été identifié. Il s’agit d’un criminel condamné qui était en liberté conditionnelle« , a indiqué la police berlinoise sur son compte twitter. « Il avait été condamné pour son appartenance à une organisation terroriste (…) », poursuit la police.

Jeudi matin, le suspect avait enlevé le bracelet électronique qu’il devait porter depuis sa libération à une date indéterminée, selon DPA. La police a été appelée à intervenir dans la matinée dans le quartier de Spandau où un homme menaçait des passants avec un couteau, selon le journal berlinois Berliner Morgenpost. Lorsque les agents sont arrivés, le suspect s’est jeté sur eux, blessant la fonctionnaire.

Un collègue de la victime a ouvert le feu sur Rafik Youssef, selon la police berlinoise. L’homme est mort malgré des tentatives pour le réanimer, a rapporté DPA. « L’état de notre collègue est stable. Elle est toujours en soins intensifs », a dit la police berlinoise.

Voir aussi:

Un groupe armé tue 29 personnes dans une gare chinoise

Patrick Saint-Paul

Le Figaro
01/03/2014

Armé de couteaux, le groupe encore non identifié a frappé au hasard une centaine de voyageurs présents ce soir-là dans la gare de Kunming. Pékin dénonce une attaque «terroriste» des séparatistes ouïgours.

De notre correspondant à Pékin

La Chine était sous le choc, dimanche, au lendemain d’un attentat sanglant, qui a fait au moins 34 morts dans le sud-ouest du pays. Un groupe de terroristes, revêtus d’uniformes noirs et armés de longs couteaux, a fait irruption vers 21 heures locales à la gare centrale de Kunming, poignardant passagers et employés. Accusant des groupes séparatistes de la minorité ouïgour, issue de la province du Xinjiang, Pékin a promis de punir les coupables. Une nouvelle vague de répression impitoyable devrait par conséquent frapper les Ouïgours dans le Xinjiang, mais aussi à travers toute la République populaire.

L’attaque constitue une escalade majeure dans les troubles liés au Xinjiang, région stratégique du nord-ouest de la Chine, jouxtant l’Asie centrale, majoritairement peuplée de Ouïgours de confession musulmane. Fin octobre, ils avaient démontré leur capacité à frapper en plein cœur du pouvoir en livrant une attaque à la voiture piégée place Tiananmen à Pékin. Samedi soir, en semant la terreur très loin de leur fief, les séparatistes ouïgours ont montré leur capacité à frapper partout sur le vaste territoire chinois. Et ils ont exporté le mode opératoire, utilisé contre la minorité Han dans le Xinjiang, constitué d’attaques au couteau particulièrement traumatisantes, faisant régner la peur sur l’ensemble du pays.

Des milliers d’images de l’attentat effacées

À l’heure d’Internet, les images sanglantes montrant des mares de sang sur le sol de la gare et les corps ensanglantés des victimes de l’attentat ont immédiatement inondé Weibo, le Twitter chinois. Les autorités ont aussitôt effacé de la Toile plusieurs milliers d’images ainsi que les messages décrivant les assaillants et leur mode d’action. Un habitant de Kunming a raconté à l’agence Chine Nouvelle qu’il était en train d’acheter un billet lorsqu’il a vu un groupe de personnes, la plupart vêtues de noir, pénétrer dans la gare et s’en prendre à des voyageurs. «J’ai vu quelqu’un s’approcher de moi avec un long couteau et je me suis enfui comme tout le monde, a dit Yang Haifei. Les moins rapides ont été victimes des assaillants. Ils sont simplement tombés à terre.»

Les autorités de la ville de Kunming, capitale de la province du Yunnan, ont attribué le massacre aux séparatistes ouïgours dès dimanche matin. «Les preuves sur le lieu du crime montrent que l’attaque terroriste de la gare ferroviaire de Kunming a été menée par des forces séparatistes du Xinjiang», ont-elles déclaré. «Il s’agissait d’une attaque terroriste violente, préméditée et organisée», avait auparavant affirmé Chine Nouvelle, faisant état d’un bilan provisoire de 34 morts et de 130 blessés. Le président Xi Jinping a affirmé qu’aucun effort ne devait être épargné pour retrouver les auteurs de cette attaque, qui seront «punis avec toute la sévérité de la loi». «Nous devons mobiliser tous nos efforts et toutes nos ressources» pour retrouver les coupables, a-t-il ajouté, laissant présager un nouveau tour de vis à l’encontre de la minorité ouïgour à travers toute la Chine et une vague de répression dans le Xinjiang.

Le Xinjiang, région traditionnellement instable

Les forces de sécurité chinoises ont renforcé leur contrôle sur le Xinjiang depuis que Pékin a été le théâtre, le 28 octobre 2013, d’un attentat perpétré selon la police par des extrémistes ouïgours. Les trois assaillants étaient morts dans cette attaque, qui avait tué deux touristes et fait plusieurs dizaines de blessés. Le Xinjiang, région traditionnellement instable et traditionnellement rétive à la tutelle de Pékin, connaît depuis plusieurs mois une vague de violences accrues, attribuées par la République populaire aux extrémistes et séparatistes.

De leur côté, les Ouïgours se plaignent de fortes discriminations culturelles et religieuses et de harcèlement par les autorités. Ils affirment que la présence croissante des Hans les a privés d’opportunités d’emplois et de terres. Musulmans turcophones et première ethnie au Xinjiang, ils se disent victimes d’une politique répressive, qui inciterait les violences. «Pour le gouvernement, les intégristes islamistes exigent l’indépendance du Xinjiang, et c’est pourquoi il faut de très strictes limites sur les activités religieuses des Ouïgours», décrypte Shan Wei, chercheur de l’Université nationale de Singapour. Les Ouïgours qui subissent ces restrictions sans faire partie de mouvements séparatistes en viennent à «haïr» les autorités, ajoute-t-il, observant que les autres minorités musulmanes en Chine ne sont pas soumises à de pareilles vexations.

«Des terroristes violents dénués de conscience»

Dépêché sur les lieux de l’attentat, Meng Jianzhu, responsable des services de sécurité chinois a dénoncé une «attaque brutale dirigée contre des innocents sans défense par des terroristes violents dénués de conscience, qui exposent leur nature inhumaine et antisociale». Pékin dénonce régulièrement la présence au Xinjiang de groupes djihadistes, formés et financés à l’étranger. Des analystes estiment que le Parti islamiste du Turkestan est la cellule mère du Mouvement islamique du Turkestan oriental (Etim), un groupe placé sur la liste des organisations terroristes par les États-Unis et la Chine.

L’Etim, qui déclare se battre pour l’indépendance du Turkestan oriental, ancien nom du Xinjiang chinois, a été classé par l’ONU en 2002 parmi les organisations affiliées à al-Qaida. Très obscur, ce mouvement est souvent désigné par les autorités chinoises comme le responsable des troubles sporadiques au Xinjiang, mais son influence réelle est mise en doute par plusieurs experts. Ceux-ci soulignaient jusqu’à présent que l’Etim n’a jamais prouvé sa capacité à opérer en Chine en dehors du Xinjiang.

L’attentat de Kunming change la donne. Non seulement les terroristes ont démontré leur capacité à frapper à l’autre bout du pays, dans la région frontalière du Vietnam. Mais ces violences interviennent à un moment particulièrement sensible pour le pouvoir chinois, puisque la réunion annuelle du Parlement doit débuter mercredi à Pékin. Ce rassemblement politique est généralement accompagné par un renforcement des mesures de sécurité dans l’ensemble du pays.

China Reacts to Terrorism ‘Double-Standard’ After Kunming Mass Murder

Hannah Beech
Time

March 3, 2014
Chinese censors are clamping down on local reporting and photographs about a potentially politically-motivated knife attack at a train station that left 29 dead so far and more than 140 injured in what some observers are calling « China’s 9/11 »

It has been called China’s 9/11 or 3-01 after the date on which horror descended. On March 1, in the southwestern Chinese city of Kunming, assailants armed with cleavers, daggers and other knives brutally ended the lives of at least 29 people at a railway station, a terror spree that has been blamed on separatists from the northwestern region of Xinjiang, home to the Uighur ethnic group. Slashing at their victims with chilling abandon, the attackers, dressed in black, maimed 143 others before police shot four of the assailants dead. A fifth suspect in the massacre, a woman, is alive and in the hospital.

On the evening of March 3, China’s state news agency Xinhua announced that three other suspects on the run had been captured. “The Ministry of Public Security said in a statement that the terrorist gang of eight members led by Abdurehim Kurban was responsible for the attack,” reported Xinhua. CCTV, the state broadcaster, deemed “the terror attack case solved.”

Minutes after the Kunming carnage, Chinese journalists began covering the attack online, re-posting photos from the scene of devastation. Other reporters, who happened to be in Yunnan’s provincial capital Kunming, like Lu Minghe, a journalist from the respected Southern Weekly, quickly posted their initial takes. Lu posted his first dispatch from Kunming at 1:04 a.m. on March 2. Then, seven minutes later, Lu posted another comment on Weibo, the Chinese microblog service: “The gag order has come. The 28 lives are so meaningless in the face of this order.” (The death toll was later increased to 29.)

Lu was referring to the censorship directive that abruptly ended much online chatter from Chinese journalists, even as their instincts told them to keep reporting on the nation’s deadly terror attack. The edict from the central propaganda department, which was later leaked online, said: “Regarding the stabbing incident in Kunming on March 1: When covering this, follow the Xinhua story strictly and [reporting] should be based on the information released by the local authority. No big headlines, No pictures.”

The order resulted in a curious same-ness to the Kunming coverage published in thousands of Chinese newspapers. Even dailies from the stricken city limited themselves to the official version, as described by Xinhua. The morning after the murderous rampage, the Kunming Daily, the local paper, did not run a single front-page story on the attack written by its own reporters. Instead, the newspaper led with a Xinhua story and a short editorial that, in rousing socialist speak, exhorted readers to “try our best to secure the lives of the masses.” In fact, the only story on the front page written by local reporters was on a completely different topic: a project to improve municipal sanitation.

By March 3, local papers published their own stories on the aftermath. Locally written coverage in the Kunming Daily began on the third page, with brief articles on how 1,900 people had donated blood and how other residents had lit candles in memory of those who were killed. Still, the Xinhua perspective on the attack dominated: A terrible terrorist event had occurred but order was rapidly being restored. A March 3 Xinhua article, which was published in Yunnan papers, noted that shops around the railway station had all re-opened and quoted passengers who said there was nothing to be worried about because there were many police stationed in the area.

The Yunnan Daily’s lead story on March 3 described how the provincial governor was confident the battle against terrorism would be won. Another front-page piece, written by a local journalist, was headlined “Spare No Efforts to Maintain Social Stability and Unity of Different Nationalities.” (“Nationalities” refers to the different ethnic groups in China.) A further story noted that Kunming hospitals had enough blood for the injured patients. Other local tabloids provided more sensational details of how people had managed to fight back against the attackers.

Few of the articles, either by Xinhua reporters or by other Chinese journalists, explored why the bloodbath may have happened in Kunming or discussed the possible twisted motives driving the terror-seekers. The kind of blanket tribute coverage of victims common in massacre reporting from other countries was largely absent in the initial coverage. Instead, such topics were reserved for China’s lively microblog space. Although state censors deleted some posts, photos and video on the attack, personal stories about victims circulated, drawing numerous grieving responses. Others took to Weibo to lament the methodical, seemingly professional way in which the attackers knifed their victims. “We are all Chinese, so why are we killing each other?” wrote one Weibo user. “Why did [the assailants] look so indifferently at the fallen? How could they be so cold-blooded?”

Predictably, some anger at the terror-seekers grew to encompass an entire ethnicity, a suspicion that was shared by a local government in Guangxi, the province that borders Yunnan, which posted a notice urging people to report to the police any individuals from Xinjiang in the area. “Xinjiang people are not human beings,” wrote another person on Weibo. Online invective against Uighurs and Islam, the dominant faith of the Uighurs, piled up.

Others, though, including influential Weibo personalities, urged understanding and tolerance. “Acts of terrorism against civilians must be stopped, with no compromise,” wrote Han Han, one of the most popular Weibo celebrities. “Also, I wish that people won’t lay this hate on an entire nationality or region.” His comment was retweeted more than 200,000 times.

With Chinese media unable to freely report on the Kunming tragedy, some Chinese went online to see what foreign news sources were reporting. (Some international news sites are blocked in China, but people can find ways to circumvent what is called the Great Firewall.) What they found, though, generated plenty of controversy. Some stories by foreign reporters examined Uighur discontent with government repression; this was taken by hundreds of thousands of online Chinese as somehow justifying the Kunming terror spree. An op-ed carried by Xinhua said: “Implicit accusations against China’s ethnic policy are also baseless and biased. Beijing has fully demonstrated its commitment to protecting freedom of region, preserving cultural diversity and promoting development and prosperity in minority areas.” The op-ed quoted online criticism of TIME for its Kunming coverage.

The decision by some international media outlets to either decline to call the attacks terrorism or to put the word in quotation marks incensed others. Online posters contrasted these decisions with a statement from the members of the United Nations Security Council that “condemned in the strongest terms the terrorist attack.” In a commentary, Xinhua called the American Embassy in Beijing to task for its own statement on the Kunming mass murder. “The U.S. Embassy in China has downplayed the severity of the bloody carnage in southwestern Kunming City, calling it on its official Weibo account a ‘horrible and totally meaningless act of violence,’ short of calling the murderers ‘terrorists.’” The op-ed continued: “How the U.S. government and some media described the terrorist attacks in China has revealed their persistent double standard in the global fight against terrorism. Their leniency for the terrorists is sending signals of encouragement to potential attackers.”

On Monday, a People’s Daily online graphic went viral, purporting to show the differing ways in which Western media covered the Kunming massacre and the 2013 murder of an off-duty soldier in Britain by perpetrators who said they wanted retribution for Muslim deaths caused by British armed forces. The graphic said, for instance, that the Telegraph had chosen not to describe the Kunming attack as “terrorism,” instead referring to mere “violence.” Yet an account filed by a Telegraph correspondent in Kunming was headlined: “Survivors recount scenes of terror dubbed ‘China’s 9/11’ by state media.” The story also referred to a quote from a “terrorism expert.”

Xinhua, though is standing firm. The conclusion of one of the state news agency’s Kunming editorials said: “Anyone attempting to harbor and provide sympathies for the terrorists, calling them the repressed or the weak, is encouraging such attacks and helping committing a crime.”

with reporting by Gu Yongqiang and Chengcheng Jiang/Beijing

Western media coverage of Kunming’s terror attack shows sheer mendacity and heartlessness

People’s Daily Online
March 04, 2014

While China grieved and expressed its outrage following the savage stabbing of innocent civilians by Xinjiang separatists at the crowded railway station in southwest China’s Kunming Saturday night, some Western media organizations, including CNN, Associated Press, the New York Times, and the Washington Post, were already presenting their audiences and their readership with a distorted view of events.

The terrorist attack that occurred on Saturday night at the train station in southwest China’s Kunming city left at least 29 innocent civilians dead and more than 130 injured. The deadly attack was orchestrated by Xinjiang separatist forces. This was an act of terrorism directed against the whole of humanity, civilization and society.

The international community strongly condemned this cruel attack, but the coverage of the incident by a few Western media organizations, including CNN, Associated Press, The New York Times, and the Washington Post was dishonest and appeared to be directed by ulterior motives. Emanating from such loud advocates of « the fight against terrorism », the coverage was insulting and has led to widespread resentment in China.

There was extensive evidence at the crime scene to leave no doubt that the Kunming Railway station attack was nothing other than a violent terrorist crime. But regardless of this evidence, some western media organizations were unwilling to use the word « terrorism » in their coverage. CNN’s report on March 3 put the word « terrorists » in quotation marks, and offered the view that « mass knife attacks » are « not unprecedented » in China. The intention here was to associate this terrorist incident with a number of attacks that occurred in 2010 and 2012, all the more disgusting because these attacks happened at schools, they were conducted by individuals who were clearly mentally disturbed, and their victims were children. None of the perpetrators had any political connections, or any political motives. The Associated Press report used the term « described by the authorities as » to qualify their use of the word « terrorists ». The New York Times and the Washington Post called the terrorists « attackers ».

In their depictions of the background to the attack, CNN, the New York Times, and the Washington Post all ignored the significant social progress that has been made in Xinjing, instead focusing on the problem of « relations between China’s ethnic groups ».

Faced with such tragedy and such unambiguous facts, it is a hard-hearted and cynical media that would engage in such hypocrisy. Don’t they love to talk about « human rights »? Did they not see the pictures of innocent victims lying in pools of their own blood? Did they show even the slightest concern for the victims and their « human rights »? Should such an event occur in America, how would they respond to the incident? Would they be quite so coy about describing the murderers as « terrorists »?

Prejudice has long been deep-rooted among Americans observers of issues related to Xinjiang. Not so very long ago, the American government passed three Uyghur prisoners detained in Guantanamo Bay to Slovakia, despite China’s opposition. These suspects are all members of an group called the « East Turkistan Islamic Movement », recognized by the UN Security Council as a terrorist organization. For far too long the American government’s logic has been that such people are only « terrorists » when the harm they are doing is being done to the US. The US government has always refused to describe bloody incidents involving Xinjiang separatists as « terrorist incidents »; it prefers to direct its criticism towards China. The American government’s sympathetic attittude to Xinjiang separatists has undoubtedly provided the terrorist shadow of these groups with a boost. Should not the American government and its media revise their attitudes after the Kunming Railway Station tragedy?

On the issue of terrorism and terrorists, the double standards adopted by the United States and some Western media organizations cause actual harm to others, while providing them with neither benefit nor credit. They would do well to hope that their conduct and their attitudes do not ever rebound back on themselves.

The article is edited and translated from 《十足的虚伪与冷酷》, source: People’s Daily, author: Wen Xian.

Voir également:

« Il n’est plus concevable de mépriser les électeurs du FN »
Philippe Bilger
Le Figaro

06/12/2015

FIGAROVOX/CHRONIQUE- Pour Philippe Bilger, le résultat des élections régionales signe l’échec de la méthode incantatoire utilisée, par la gauche, contre le Front National.

Le FN, contrairement à ce qu’a dit Jean-Christophe Cambadélis, n’était pas surcoté mais sous-coté.

Les scores que ce parti a fait dès le premier tour dans les treize régions ne devraient plus permettre les illusions ni les dénonciations, qui ont eu l’effet contre-productif de le faire progresser encore plus. Dans ce registre, difficile de faire plus indécent que la déclaration de Pierre de Saintignon assimilant «les extrémistes» aux «salafistes».

Le FN est le premier parti de France devant LR et même si le parti socialiste sauve les meubles au regard de sa déroute annoncée, il va se trouver confronté durant la semaine à un choix décisif et d’une certaine manière mauvais dans toutes ses options.

Avant même le second tour, un certain nombre de constats sont à faire qui devraient conduire à une révision lucide de la manière dont la lutte contre le FN est menée puisque la démonstration est faite que tout ce qui a prétendu l’accabler l’a servi.

La participation est en hausse. Grâce à la création de ces treize régions qui vont offrir des pouvoirs considérables à leur président. Grâce au fait qu’étant les dernières élections avant l’échéance présidentielle, les régionales ont été liées à elle. Et bien évidemment, les terribles événements du 13 novembre, précédés par un relatif immobilisme depuis le mois de janvier, ont pesé.

La remontée dans les sondages du président de la République n’a eu rigoureusement aucun impact sur le premier tour des régionales. Ce qui montre à quel point les interventions de François Hollande, aussi remarquables qu’elles ont été ces derniers jours, sont radicalement déconnectées des mouvements profonds du pays, de ses angoisses et de ses attentes.

A l’encontre du FN, il n’est plus possible de se goberger avec les mots «République, valeurs, principes, démocratie, honte, nauséabond, Vichy…». Il faut impérativement se pencher sur les ressorts qui détournent des partis classiques et incitent un grand nombre de citoyens à voter en faveur de cette force facilement qualifiée de non républicaine et d’extrémiste.

Il n’est plus concevable, comme récemment je l’ai lu dans un éditorial du Monde, à la fois de mépriser les électeurs du FN et de n’inviter à résister que par des pétitions de principe qui se gardent bien de démontrer ce qu’on énonce comme irréfutable.

Continuer à ressasser contre le FN le discours habituel serait d’autant plus préjudiciable à la cause démocratique qu’on ne peut traiter avec cette désinvolture et cette arrogance un parti qui non seulement n’est plus le groupuscule de l’extrême droite qu’on aurait rêvé qu’il demeurât mais qu’il est devenu le premier parti français avec des millions d’électeurs en sa faveur.
Le président de la République est le premier responsable de cet aveuglement. En effet, on ne peut en même temps s’afficher en chef de guerre à l’extérieur et à l’intérieur contre le terrorisme mais maintenir la garde des Sceaux et donc sa politique pénale calamiteuse qui sont directement au cœur de la protestation majoritaire, cohérente et aussi éruptive contre le pouvoir socialiste.

Continuer à ressasser contre le FN le discours habituel serait d’autant plus préjudiciable à la cause démocratique qu’on ne peut traiter avec cette désinvolture et cette arrogance un parti qui non seulement n’est plus le groupuscule de l’extrême droite qu’on aurait rêvé qu’il demeurât mais qu’il est devenu le premier parti français avec des millions d’électeurs en sa faveur.

Les avancées du FN sont d’autant à considérer que puisque jamais la proportionnelle promise ne sera adoptée, les régions constitueront des médiations pour 2017. Et, en effet, des laboratoires. Pour le pire, clament tous ses adversaires.

Je n’ai pas cette habitude mais les propos de Nicolas Sarkozy m’ont semblé représenter la voie à suivre puisqu’une projection sur les présidentielles de 2017 mettraient face à face Marine Le Pen et le vainqueur de la primaire LR de 2016.

Ni retrait ni fusion pour le second tour des régionales.

La défaite de la gauche – je regrette que Stéphane Le Foll, d’habitude mieux avisé, parle d’elle et de ses composantes réunies comme du premier parti de France! – est la conséquence principale du fait que la République, son autorité et le respect qu’on lui doit sont perçus comme de plus en plus menacés, voire contredits.

Nicolas Sarkozy a évoqué avec l’estime démocratique qui convient tous les citoyens qui ont permis, pour le FN, ce premier tour qui dépasse ses espérances: il n’est pas impossible, en effet, que dimanche prochain trois régions tombent dans son escarcelle politique.

Ni insultes ni slogans ni abstractions généreuses, creuses et inefficaces mais la démonstration claire que le FN ne représentera jamais, aujourd’hui et demain, une chance opératoire pour les régions comme pour la France. Qu’il ne faut pas le récuser parce qu’il ne serait pas dans notre espace républicain alors qu’il y est en plein mais au motif prépondérant que ses propositions aggraveraient le sort de notre pays.

On n’a pas à traîner dans la boue politiquement et médiatiquement un parti que beaucoup de nos concitoyens ont décidé de placer en tête, parce qu’ils en ont assez de tout ou du socialisme, ou parce que certains y croient.

Mais à expliquer pourquoi il ne serait pas l’avenir et que ce qu’il porte de positif sur le plan de l’ordre, de la sécurité, de la justice, de la rigueur de l’Etat, LR sera le seul parti à pouvoir le mettre en œuvre.

Voter pour le FN est un cri, une rage.

La politique de LR, si j’ai bien saisi Nicolas Sarkozy, ce sera d’en faire, sur un certain plan, des actions.

Jean Christophe Cambadélis : « Le FN c’est le retour de Vichy »
Valeurs actuelles
03 Décembre 2015<

PS. A trois jours du premier tour des élections régionales, Jean-Christophe Cambadélis tente d’endiguer la poussée du FN et dénonce sa stigmatisation envers la population musulmane.
Le Premier secrétaire du parti socialiste Jean-Christophe Cambadélis semble ne pas avoir digéré les récentes déclarations des candidats FN aux régionales. « C’est un véritable festival » s’est-il indigné lors d’un point presse tenu ce jeudi.  « Il y a une volonté de stigmatisation dans tous les discours, sous Vichy c’était les juifs, aujourd’hui c’est les musulmans » a-t-il ajouté en faisant référence aux récents discours de Marine le Pen et sa nièce Marion-Maréchal Le Pen.

« Une vision particulière de la patrie »

Cette dernière avait notamment déclaré ce mardi à Toulon que « Chez nous, on ne vit pas en djellaba, on ne vit pas en voile intégral et on n’impose pas des mosquées cathédrales ». Le lendemain, la présidente du front National avait affirmé, à l’occasion d’un meeting de campagne à Nîmes,  que « si nous perdons la guerre (…) la charia remplacera notre constitution ».

Craignant l’ouverture de « la chasse aux musulmans », Jean-Christophe Cambadélis juge que « la nature profonde de ces déclaration, c’est le retour de Vichy, la même attitude face à l’adversité, (…) les mêmes thèmes qui étaient hier déployés, sur la famille, sur une vision particulière de la patrie ».

Le député de Paris a également appelé à la mobilisation alors qu’à trois jours du scrutin, Marion Maréchal Le Pen caracole en tête des sondages en Paca tout comme Marine Le Pen dans la région Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie.

Israël face au terrorisme (par Jean-Pierre Lledo – cinéaste)
Posted by Shraga Blum
novembre 29, 2015

Chaque jour s’allonge la liste des victimes juives, et beaucoup d’entre elles succombent. Si la fréquence des attaques est plus élevée à Jérusalem et dans le Goush Etsion, elles se produisent dans tout Israël. Les victimes sont choisies au faciès, juif. Même si déjà deux Arabes ont eu le tort de trop ressembler à des Juifs.

La particularité de cette nouvelle vague de terrorisme, c’est la forte implication des mineurs. Les civils avaient servi de boucliers humains au Hamas l’été 2014. Cette fois la lâcheté des dirigeants palestiniens franchit un nouveau pas : elle encourage le sacrifice de sa propre jeunesse. Ces dirigeants qui se sont empressés de condamner les auteurs du carnage parisien cautionnent, encouragent et sans aucun doute organisent cette entreprise quotidienne d’assassinats.

« L’Intifada individuelle durera jusqu’à la libération de Jérusalem », vient de déclarer devant des responsables religieux, le chef du Hamas à Gaza Ismaïl Hanyeh, ce qui prouve bien qu’Al Aqsa n’a été qu’un prétexte et n’a servi que de détonateur. Moins francs, Mahmoud Abbas et son clan, se contentent d’inciter au meurtre contre les Juifs, de décerner des médailles d’héroïsme aux assassins et des pensions à leurs familles. Mais pour les uns comme pour les autres, les objectifs sont communs : radicaliser de plus larges couches actuellement encore spectatrices, répandre l’insécurité parmi les Juifs, ‘’creuser un fossé’’ de plus en plus large entre juifs et arabes israéliens, et redessiner de nouvelles frontières qui seraient des frontières (ethnico-religieuses) de la peur.

Face à cette nouvelle stratégie de la violence que fait Israël ?

Ses dirigeants tentent d’en appeler à la solidarité occidentale en insistant sur une communauté de destin de peuples qui seraient ciblés par le même djihadisme. Si cela n’est pas complètement faux, cela n’est pas totalement vrai : le monde musulman n’a jamais accepté une souveraineté juive sur un territoire qu’il considère irréversiblement musulman depuis la conquête mahométane et impériale du 7eme siècle… Les ‘’Palestiniens’’ n’étant aujourd’hui que le bras armé de cet irréductible refus.

Vouloir ‘’universaliser’’ le terrorisme et gommer les différences, n’est pas très payant, puisque le Président Hollande s’est abstenu de citer les Juifs d’Israël  dans sa liste des victimes du terrorisme djihadiste international. Mais surtout, tenter de dissimuler la spécificité du terrorisme palestinien, risque de fourvoyer et d’entretenir des illusions.

La parade des autorités israéliennes est essentiellement sécuritaire et de type dissuasive, mais croire que cela puisse réduire les candidats au passage à l’acte, lesquels savent qu’ils ont toutes les chances de périr, serait ne pas comprendre ce qu’est le ‘’martyre’’, ni mesurer ce qu’est la haine antijuive dans l’univers musulman.

Cette banalisation transforme une véritable guerre en routine, ‘’routine’’ qui peut s’éterniser et à coup sûr, démoraliser. Mais surtout empêche de mener cette guerre de façon offensive, compte tenu que les objectifs des autorités palestiniennes et de leurs représentants à la Knesset ne sont pas publiquement désignés.

L’Europe commence à comprendre qu’elle est ‘’en guerre’’, mais le peuple d’Israël, lui, sait qu’il l’est et ce, depuis des lustres.

Quand ses représentants politiques se comporteront-ils en fonction de cette réalité ?

La France vient de se mettre en deuil national. Mais en Israël, combien faudra-t-il encore de morts pour que la nation toute entière manifeste sa solidarité avec les victimes et leurs familles ? La gauche certes ne se mobilise qu’en faveur des Arabes, mais la droite où est-elle ?

Qu’attend le gouvernement pour saisir le Tribunal international (CPI) à l’encontre des dirigeants palestiniens qui manifestement manipulent les candidats au paradis et dirigent en sous-main la vague actuelle d’assassinat des Juifs ?

Qu’attend la Knesset pour faire de la condamnation du terrorisme LA condition pour y siéger ?

Et alors que l’Europe commence à comprendre qu’elle récolte ce qu’elle a semé, en abandonnant peu à peu ses frontières et son identité, n’est-il pas temps pour le peuple juif d’Israël et ses représentants d’informer le monde que lui y tient ? A ses 3500 ans d’histoire et aux valeurs du judaïsme.

Et par exemple, en commençant par rétablir la souveraineté israélienne sur le Mont du Temple.

La guerre faite au peuple juif par le monde musulman, comme plus tôt par le monde chrétien, a été une guerre d’oppression et d’humiliation visant à déraciner le désir juif de se maintenir comme peuple.

Des siècles seront nécessaires au monde musulman pour qu’il admette le fait historique de l’émancipation juive, appelée sionisme et advenue au 20eme siècle par la renaissance de l’Etat d’Israël.

D’ici là, le peuple juif d’Israël n’aura d’autre choix, faute de disparaitre, que de gagner toutes les guerres qu’on lui fera.

A commencer par les plus vitales, celles contre son identité, son histoire et ses symboles.

Car contrairement à ce que certains croient, se nier ou s’édulcorer attisent les instincts meurtriers, tandis que s’affirmer, les contient, voire même pourrait forcer le respect…

Voir encore:

Sports
Long-Hidden Details Reveal Cruelty of 1972 Munich Attackers
Sam Borden
NYT
Dec. 1, 2015

In September 1992, two Israeli widows went to the home of their lawyer. When the women arrived, the lawyer told them that he had received some photographs during his recent trip to Munich but that he did not think they should view them. When they insisted, he urged them to let him call a doctor who could be present when they did.

Ilana Romano and Ankie Spitzer, whose husbands were among the Israeli athletes held hostage and killed by Palestinian terrorists at the 1972 Olympics in Munich, rejected that request, too. They looked at the pictures that for decades they had been told did not exist, and then agreed never to discuss them publicly.

The attack at the Olympic Village stands as one of sports’ most horrifying episodes. The eight terrorists, representing a branch of the Palestine Liberation Organization, breached the apartments where the Israeli athletes were staying before dawn on Sept. 5, 1972. That began an international nightmare that lasted more than 20 hours and ended with a disastrous failed rescue attempt.

The treatment of the hostages has long been a subject of speculation, but a more vivid — and disturbing — account of the attack is emerging. For the first time, Ms. Romano, Ms. Spitzer and other victims’ family members are choosing to speak openly about documentation previously unknown to the public in an effort to get their loved ones the recognition they believe is deserved.

Among the most jarring details are these: The Israeli Olympic team members were beaten and, in at least one case, castrated.

“What they did is that they cut off his genitals through his underwear and abused him,” Ms. Romano said of her husband, Yossef. Her voice rose.

“Can you imagine the nine others sitting around tied up?” she continued, speaking in Hebrew through a translator. “They watched this.”

Ms. Romano and Ms. Spitzer, whose husband, Andre, was a fencing coach at the Munich Games and died in the attack, first described the extent of the cruelty during an interview for the coming film “Munich 1972 & Beyond,” a documentary that chronicles the long fight by families of the victims to gain public and official acknowledgment for their loved ones. The film is expected to be released early next year.

In subsequent interviews with The New York Times, Ms. Spitzer explained that she and the family members of the other victims only learned the details of how the victims were treated 20 years after the tragedy, when German authorities released hundreds of pages of reports they previously denied existed.

Ms. Spitzer said that she and Ms. Romano, as representatives of the group of family members, first saw the documents on that Saturday night in 1992. One of Ms. Romano’s daughters was to be married just three days later, but Ms. Romano never considered delaying the viewing; she had been waiting for so long.

The photographs were “as bad I could have imagined,” Ms. Romano said. (The New York Times reviewed the photographs but has chosen not to publish them because of their graphic nature.)

Mr. Romano, a champion weight lifter, was shot when he tried to overpower the terrorists early in the attack. He was then left to die in front of the other hostages and castrated. Other hostages were beaten and sustained serious injuries, including broken bones, Ms. Spitzer said. Mr. Romano and another hostage died in the Olympic Village; the other nine were killed during a failed rescue attempt after they were moved with their captors to a nearby airport.

It was not clear if the mutilation of Mr. Romano occurred before or after he died, Ms. Spitzer said, though Ms. Romano said she believed it happened afterward.

“The terrorists always claimed that they didn’t come to murder anyone — they only wanted to free their friends from prison in Israel,” Ms. Spitzer said. “They said it was only because of the botched-up rescue operation at the airport that they killed the rest of the hostages, but it’s not true. They came to hurt people. They came to kill.”

For much of the past two decades, Ms. Spitzer, Ms. Romano and Pinchas Zeltzer, the lawyer, mostly kept the grisly details to themselves, though at least one prominent report about the images surfaced. When Ms. Romano returned home that first night, she told her daughters the pictures were “difficult” but said they should not ask her more about them. Her daughters agreed.

At various points over the next 20 years, Ms. Romano said, she did make occasional references to the mutilation of her husband, but she always kept the photographs of the episode hidden.

According to Ms. Spitzer, confusion about what had happened to the victims existed from the beginning. The bodies of the victims were identified by family or friends in Munich — Ms. Romano said an uncle of her husband identified his corpse but was shown only his face — and, as per Jewish law, burials were held almost immediately after the bodies were flown back to Israel.

Since much of the attention from Israeli officials after the attacks focused on security breaches and mistakes by German and Olympic officials that had allowed the terrorists to strike, consideration of the plight of the dead victims had been a priority only to their families.

“We asked for more details, but we were told, over and over, there was nothing,” Ms. Spitzer said.

In 1992, after doing an interview with a German television station regarding the 20th anniversary of the attack in which she expressed frustration about not knowing exactly what happened to her husband and his teammates, Ms. Spitzer was contacted by a man who said he worked for a German government agency with access to reams of records about the attack.

Initially, Ms. Spitzer said, the man, who remained anonymous, sent her about 80 pages of police reports and other documents. With those documents, Mr. Zeltzer, the lawyer, and Ms. Spitzer pressured the German government into releasing the rest of the file, which included the photographs.

After receiving the file, the victims’ families sued the German government, the Bavarian regional government and the city of Munich for a “deficient security concept” and the “serious mistakes” that doomed the rescue mission, according to the complaint. The suit was ultimately dismissed because of statute-of-limitations regulations.

Nonetheless, the families have largely focused their efforts on ensuring a place for remembrance of their loved ones in the fabric of the Olympic movement. After decades of lobbying, the victims’ families were heartened when the International Olympic Committee, led by a new president, Thomas Bach, agreed this year to help finance a permanent memorial in Munich. There are also plans to remember the Munich victims at the 2016 Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro.

At the moment, the victims will be included in a moment of remembrance for all athletes who have died at the Olympics; Ms. Spitzer and Ms. Romano continue to press for the Israeli athletes from Munich to be remembered apart from athletes who died in competition, arguing that their deaths were the result of unprecedented evil.

“The moment I saw the photos, it was very painful,” Ms. Romano said. “I remembered until that day Yossef as a young man with a big smile. I remembered his dimples until that moment.”

She hesitated. “At that moment, it erased the entire Yossi that I knew,” she said.

Voir enfin:

In the first majority-Muslim U.S. city, residents tense about its future
Sarah Pulliam Baile
NYT
November 21 2015

A Muslim woman wears a niqab as she walks past a McDonald’s restaurant in Hamtramck, Mich. (Salwan Georges/For The Washington Post)
HAMTRAMCK, MICH. — Karen Majewski was in such high demand in her vintage shop on a recent Saturday afternoon that a store employee threw up her hands when yet another visitor came in to chat. Everyone wanted to talk to the mayor about the big political news.

Earlier this month, the blue-collar city that has been home to Polish Catholic immigrants and their descendents for more than a century became what demographers think is the first jurisdiction in the nation to elect a
majority-Muslim council.

It’s the second tipping for Hamtramck (pronounced Ham-tram-ik), which in 2013 earned the distinction of becoming what appears to be the first majority-Muslim city in the United States following the arrival of thousands of immigrants from Yemen, Bangladesh and Bosnia over a decade.

In many ways, Hamtramck is a microcosm of the fears gripping parts of the country since the Islamic State’s attacks on Paris: The influx of Muslims here has profoundly unsettled some residents of the town long known for its love of dancing, beer, paczki pastries and the pope.
Hamtramck Mayor Karen Majewski adjusts hats inside her store, Tekla Vintage. (Salwan Georges/For The Washington Post)
“It’s traumatic for them,” said Majewski, a dignified-looking woman in a brown velvet dress, her long, silvery hair wound in a loose bun.

Around her at the Tekla Vintage store, mannequins showcased dresses, hats and jewelry from the mid-20th century, and customers fingered handbags and gawked at the antique dolls that line the store, which sits across the street from Srodek’s Quality Sausage and the Polish Art Center on Joseph Campau Avenue, the town’s main drag.

Majewski, whose family emigrated from Poland in the early 20th century, admitted to a few concerns of her own. Business owners within 500 feet of one of Hamtramck’s four mosques can’t obtain a liquor license, she complained, a notable development in a place that flouted Prohibition-era laws by openly operating bars. The restrictions could thwart efforts to create an entertainment hub downtown, said the pro-commerce mayor.

And while Majewski advocated to allow mosques to issue calls to prayer, she understands why some longtime residents are struggling to adjust to the sound that echos through the city’s streets five times each day.
“There’s definitely a strong feeling that Muslims are the other,” she said. “It’s about culture, what kind of place Hamtramck will become. There’s definitely a fear, and to some degree, I share it.”

Saad Almasmari, a 28-year-old from Yemen who became the fourth Muslim elected to the six-member city council this month, doesn’t understand that fear.

Almasmari, the owner of an ice cream company who campaigned on building Hamtramck’s struggling economy and improving the public schools, said he is frustrated that so many residents expect the council’s Muslim members to be biased. He spent months campaigning everywhere in town, knocking on the doors of mosques and churches alike, he said.

“I don’t know why people keep putting religion into politics,” said Almasmari, who received the highest percentage of votes
(22 percent) of any candidate. “When we asked for votes, we didn’t ask what their religion was.”

Past clashes with present
Surrounded by Detroit, Hamtramck is Michigan’s most densely populated city, with about 22,000 residents occupying row after row of two-story, turn-of-the-century bungalows packed into two square miles. Polish Catholic immigrants began flocking to Hamtramck, which was originally settled by German farmers, in 1914 when the Dodge brothers opened an auto assembly plant in town.

While the city’s Polish Catholic population has shrunk from
90 percent in 1970 to about 11 percent today, in part as the old residents have moved to more prosperous suburbs, Polish American culture still permeates the town.

Labor Day, known as Polish Day here, is marked with music, drinking and street dancing. The roof of the Polish cathedral-style St. Florian Church peaks above the city landscape, and a large statue of Pope John Paul II, who visited the city in 1987, towers over Pope Park on Joseph Campau Avenue. The Polish pope’s cousin, John Wojtylo, was a Hamtramck city councilman in the 1940s and 1950s, according to local historian Greg Kowalski.
A statue of Pope John Paul II in Hamtramck’s Pope Park is a nod to the city’s Polish American beginnings. (Salwan Georges/For The Washington Post)
The once-thriving factory town now struggles with one of the highest poverty rates in Michigan. In 2009, American Axle shut down its plant in Hamtramck, laying off hundreds of workers. There is a new class of entrepreneurs, including Igor Sadikovic, a young Bosnian immigrant who plans to open a coffee shop with an art gallery by next summer, and Rebecca Smith, who owns a handbag store that employs Muslim women.

But the new businesses have not been enough to offset the loss of a manufacturing base and reductions in state revenue sharing. Since 2000, Michigan has twice appointed an emergency manager to the city, which has an annual operating budget of $22 million.
Hamtramck’s exceedingly low home prices and relatively low crime rate have proved especially attractive to new immigrants, whose presence is visible everywhere. Most of the women strolling Joseph Campau Avenue wear hijabs, or headscarves, and niqabs, veils that leave only the area around the eyes open. Many of the markets advertise their wares in Arabic or Bengali, and some display signs telling customers that owners will return shortly — gone to pray, much in the same way Polish businesses once signaled that employees had gone to Mass.

Tensions rise in volume
Many longtime residents point to 2004 as the year they suspected that the town’s culture had shifted irrevocably. It was then that the city council gave permission to al-Islah Islamic Center to broadcast its call to prayer from speakers atop its roof.
From left, Abdul Motlib, president of al-Islah Islamic Center, with secretaries Imam Abunsr Tafader and Masud Khan. “The Polish people think we were invading them,” Khan said. (Salwan Georges/For The Washington Post)

The calls to prayer from atop the al-Islah Islamic Center have caused some tension among Hamtramck’s residents. (Salwan Georges/For The Washington Post)

“The Polish people think we were invading them,” said Masud Khan, one of the mosque’s leaders, recalling that time in an interview earlier this month. “We were a big threat to their religion and culture. Now their days are gone.”

The mosque, which attracts about 500 people for its Friday prayer services, has purchased a neighboring vacant limestone building in the heart of the city that once was a furniture store. The mosque’s leaders plan to put a minaret — a spire — on the building and use it to continue broadcasting a call to prayer five times a day.

The private sale enraged city leaders, including the mayor, who sees the area as key to commercial growth. Mosque leaders estimate that the 20,000-square-foot building will hold up to 2,000 people once the renovation is finished next year.

The town’s transformation caught Mike Bugaj off guard. When the Hamtramck native left to join the Air Force in 1972, the city was widely referred to as “Little Warsaw.” When he returned from the military in 1995, “the Muslims were here,” said Bugaj, who is of Polish and Native American descent.

The new majority Muslim council has Bugaj worried that old traditions, like the Polish festival and Fat Tuesday’s paczki day, soon will be wiped away.
Air Force veteran Mike Bugaj, 61, in front of the Polish Legion of American Veterans Post 10 in Hamtramck. (Salwan Georges/For The Washington Post)

Bugaj holds a political cartoon. The Hamtramck native worries about the loss of Polish traditions in the city. (Salwan Georges/For The Washington Post)

He and other residents are “concerned about what they would want to change, that they could mistreat women,” said Bugaj, who wore feather earrings and a T-shirt with wolves on it. “Don’t come over to America and try to turn people to your way of thinking.”

Wayne Little, who has been a pastor for nearly 40 years at Corinthian Baptist Church, said many of the city’s African American residents are also waiting to see whether the new Muslim-majority city council will represent their interests.
“They are clannish and stick together. . . . The jury is out on them.” Little said.

But Hamtramck’s Muslim population is hardly a monolith — the city is about 23 percent Arabic,
19 percent Bangladeshi and 7 percent Bosnian. The predominantly Muslim groups don’t intermingle much because of language differences, according to Thaddeus Radzilowski of the Piast Institute, a census information center.

Adding to the city’s burgeoning diversity are the young, white hipsters who have begun to migrate here from surrounding areas for the food, bars and art shows.

On a recent Saturday, about
40 people crowded into a one-room studio to sip wine from red Solo cups and enjoy a watercolor exhibition by African American artist Olayami Dabls as reggae music thumped in the background. The nudity and sexuality portrayed in Dabls’s paintings provided a startling contrast that afternoon to the handful of veil-clad Muslim women poring over produce at the Yemeni-owned grocery store visible across the street through the window.

Even some residents who are nervous about the new council speak of the city’s diversity with pride, noting the eclectic mix of restaurants and the fact that at least 27 languages are spoken in Hamtramck schools.

Frank Zacharias, an elderly Polish American usher at St. Ladislaus, the Catholic parish across the street from the mosque, is intimately familiar with life on Hamtramck’s streets, which he tromped for 28 years as a mail carrier before retiring. The changes have stunned him, he said.

“It was hard at the beginning,” he said, referring to 2004, when the mosque began the call to prayer.

But, he added: “They’re human. You gotta live with them. Hamtramck is known for diversity.”

University of Michigan at Dearborn professor Sally Howell, who has written a book on Michigan and U.S. Muslims, said that although some outsiders have equated the election results with “a sharia takeover,” that is not a fear she hears expressed by Hamtramck’s non-Muslims.

It all boils down to “a fear that this city council won’t represent the community,” Howell said. Her own sense, she said, is that it will.
The discord intensified in the weeks before the election, beginning when several senior citizens living in an apartment complex complained about the volume of the 6 a.m. call to prayer from a nearby mosque.

Susan Dunn, who was on her fifth unsuccessful run for city council, raised the issue before the governing body.

“I have my own rights, as well,” she said while baking her son’s birthday cake in her kitchen. “I’m not a hater. It wasn’t a calculated move.”

At one point as she spoke, a mosque close to Dunn’s house began broadcasting the call to prayer. “You try reading a book in your back yard while your dog is barking to that,” Dunn said, clearly exasperated.
City Council member Saad Almasmari, 28, far right, talks with community members inside a grocery store. (Salwan Georges/For The Washington Post)
On the eve of the vote, then-candidate Almasmari sent a photo of a flier he said he had found on the street to Majewski, the mayor, and Dunn. “Let’s get the Muslim out of Hamtramck in November 3rd. Let’s take back our city,” it read. The photo of the flier, which was illustrated with images of three white candidates, including Dunn, began circulating on Facebook. Dunn said she had nothing to do with it.

Then, after the election, a Muslim community organizer upset many residents when he praised the composition of the new council.

“Today, we show the Polish and everybody else,” said Ibrahim Algahim in an address to fellow Muslims that was captured on video.

Muslim community activist Kamal Rahman said he empathizes with the older residents’ concerns and has been working to help unify the town by meeting with city leaders.

Rahman, who in 1986 became one of the first Bengalis to attend a Hamtramck high school, said he considered moving to a mostly white Detroit suburb but decided against it once he discovered that a Ku Klux Klan group also had an address there. Instead, he built a five-bedroom home next to a Yemeni mosque just outside of Hamtramck, and sends his children to charter schools in the city.

Rahman encourages other Muslims to watch their language, because it can seem threatening.

“It sends the wrong message. If I were white, I would feel scared,” he said.

Unneighborly acts
As he sat in a Yemeni restaurant neatly dressed in a blue dress shirt and dark blue striped tie, Almasmari, the council member, recalled feeling shaken in the weeks leading up to the election, when he discovered that dozens of the yard signs touting his candidacy had been spray-painted with an “X.”

On a boarded-up building on the city’s main street, a poster to re-elect council member Anam Miah had been partially covered with big block letters — “DON’T VOTE” — and a swastika was drawn on Miah’s forehead.

But Almasmari insists that longtimers’ fears are unfounded. Already, he said he has scheduled a meeting with residents who wish to talk about their concerns — economic, educational and otherwise.

“People talk about Muslims by talking about ‘them,’ but we’re not going to be as single-minded as people think,” said Almasmari, a married father of three who covered his Facebook profile picture last week with the French flag filter.

Back in her vintage shop down the block, Majewski said she sympathizes with the stories of immigrants in search of a better life. It is a subject the mayor knows something about, having specialized in immigration and ethnicity when she earned her doctorate in American culture at the University of Michigan, said Majewski, who works at UM’s Institute for Research on Labor, Employment and the Economy.

A few minutes later, she pointed to a large, vacant building down the street that she said had once housed a popular department store. It was purchased by a Yemeni immigrant and has sat empty for two years, she said.

“It creates a lot of resentment and drags down the property values. That’s a real source of tension,” Majewski said. “Is that ethnic? . . . What do you call that? Can you criticize his lack of action? There’s certainly an ethnic element, the feeling that they don’t care about the city. How do you disentangle those?”

She paused to tell a shopper that the red plaid shirt he was trying on looked like a good fit before concluding aloud that the new conflicts in Hamtramck have less to do with ethnicity and religion and more about to do with what it means to be a good neighbor.

“We live on top of each other,” she said. “You can pass your plate through the window to the person next door.”

3 commentaires pour Attentats de San Bernardino et Londres: Ils étaient israéliens et ils ne le savaient pas !

  1. jcdurbant dit :

    AMERICA’S DOLPHINARIUM

    Ô musulman, ô serviteur d’Allah, il y a un Juif derrière moi, viens le tuer.

    Mahomet

    D’abord ils sont venus (…) pour les Juifs, mais je n’ai rien dit parce que je n’étais pas juif …

    Martin Niemöller

    J’ai une prémonition qui ne me quittera pas: ce qui adviendra d’Israël sera notre sort à tous. Si Israël devait périr, l’holocauste fondrait sur nous.

    Eric Hoffer

    Si Israël est un occupant dans son pays, le christianisme, qui tire sa légitimité de l’histoire d’Israël, l’est aussi comme le serait tout autre État infidèle.

    Bat Ye’or

    What is significant in all these comparisons is, again, the contrast between the randomness of the pattern of Israeli fatalities and the more non-random distribution of Palestinian deaths. The random distribution is typical of terrorist attacks, which, though sometimes carried out in places frequented by young people, e.g. the Dolphinarium disco attack, may equally target restaurants or buses which are used by a wide spectrum of the population. Some of the most frequent targets of Palestinian terror attacks, such as open-air markets and public buses, are used disproportionately by the most vulnerable segments of society: women, the elderly, and the poor. The fact that Palestinian deaths caused by Israeli actions do not, as a rule, follow the same pattern would seem to undermine claims that Israel deliberately targets Palestinian civilians.

    Don Radlauer

    J'aime

  2. jcdurbant dit :

    AH, THE GOOD OLD DAYS OF PALESTINIAN TERROR !

    In the past, groups employing terrorism, such as the Irish Republican Army or the Palestine Liberation Organization, were driven by specific political aims: a united Ireland or an independent Palestine. There was generally a relationship between the organization’s political cause and its violent activities. Jihadists are different. They have little or no explicit political aim but are driven by a visceral hatred of the West. Some commentators claim that an attack like the one in Nice is “blowback” from Western foreign policy, but it’s difficult to discern any rational relationship between Western policy in Iraq or Libya and the murder of revelers on a promenade. (…) Whatever one thinks of the activities of groups like the I.R.A. or the P.L.O., those activities were governed by certain norms and contained a rational kernel. It is the arbitrariness of jihadist violence and its disregard for moral bounds that make it terrifying. What defines jihadist violence today is not righteous anger or political fury but a sense of inchoate, often personal, rage. Such rage is not uniquely Islamist. (…) In the past, the distinction between political violence and sociopathic rage was relatively clear. No longer. There seems today almost a continuum between ideological violence, disjointed fury and some degree of sociopathy or mental illness. What constitutes ideological violence has decayed; instead, amorphous rage has become a persistent feature of public life. One reason is the breakdown of social and moral boundaries that once acted as firewalls against such behavior. Western societies have become more socially atomized and more riven by identity politics. The influence of institutions from the church to labor unions that once helped socialize individuals and inculcate them with a sense of obligation to others has declined. As broader identities have eroded, and traditional social networks and sources of authority have weakened, people’s sense of belonging has become more parochial. Progressive movements that gave social grievance a political form have faded. Instead, the new oppositional movements are often rooted in religious or ethnic identity and take sectarian or separatist forms. There is a growing disaffection with anything “mainstream,” and a perception of the world as out of control and driven by malign forces. All this has helped incubate a sense of rage without an outlet, undermined people’s ties to others as human beings, and weakened the distinction between sociopathy and political violence. It is a world in which, as Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany observed last week, the “taboos of civilization” are too easily broken. It is not so much the acts of violence themselves as the seeming fragility of our social and moral orders that makes contemporary terrorism so threatening.

    Kenan Malik

    http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/10/opinion/these-days-of-rage.html

    In my last post, I discussed how Palestinian culture encourages suicidal youngsters to kill by offering a simple bargain: Murder a Jew, and you instantly become a hero. While the West has long turned a blind eye to this behavior, its refusal to look reality in the face is now coming back to haunt it. For today, the Islamic State is making the very same tempting offer to distraught Muslims in Western countries–murder a Westerner, and you can instantly become a hero instead of a failure.

    It’s no accident that several recent terror attacks in Western countries have been carried out by people who apparently had histories of mental illness, including Nice, Orlando, and several attacks in Germany. Nor is it any accident that the Islamic State is cultivating such people. As with many other terrorist techniques pioneered by the Palestinians, ISIS has copied this one precisely because it proved successful–and not just as a means of recruiting assailants.

    This tactic also serves two other important purposes. First, it encourages an already strong Western tendency to ignore the terrorists’ true aims. I discussed this with regard to the Palestinians in my previous post; a classic example concerning the Islamic State was Kenan Malik’s op-ed in the New York Times on Tuesday. “In the past, groups employing terrorism, such as the Irish Republican Army or the Palestine Liberation Organization, were driven by specific political aims: a united Ireland or an independent Palestine,” Malik wrote. “Jihadists are different. They have little or no explicit political aim but are driven by a visceral hatred of the West.”

    In reality, Islamic State is quite open about its aims: It wants to destroy the West and establish a global Islamic caliphate. Indeed, being open about its goals is part of how it attracts new recruits, just as Palestinian organizations attract support by boasting of their efforts to destroy the Jewish state. But at the same time, both the Palestinians and ISIS would prefer that the West not take their goals too seriously since, if it did, it might stop supporting the Palestinians or actually get serious about destroying ISIS.

    The use of emotionally distressed recruits is an ideal way for terrorists to foster confusion about their aims because it makes it even easier for well-meaning Westerners to reassure themselves that Islamist death cults, which exploit such distress to turn people into killers, aren’t actually the problem. The real issue, they tell themselves, is mental health or social alienation.

    Second, this tactic helps divide the West and turn it against itself, because it reinforces another existing tendency of many well-meaning Westerners–blaming the victim for having driven the attacker to such a dreadful deed. Westerners have been blaming Palestinian terror on Israel for years, and now, many are blaming themselves for ISIS.

    A classic example of this tendency emerged the day after deadly attacks killed 129 people at the Bataclan concert hall and other venues around Paris last November. Anshel Pfeffer of Haaretz visited the 11th arrondissement, one of the neighborhoods where attacks took place and discovered that people “aren’t angry, at least not at the perpetrators.”

    The terrorists are “stupid, but they aren’t evil,” a woman who works at one of the district’s theaters told him. “They are victims of a system that excluded them from society, that’s why they felt this doesn’t belong to them and they could attack. There are those who live here in alienation, and we are all to blame for this alienation.”

    Some of the others blamed French or American foreign policy. But “no one wanted to talk about Islamists or the Islamic State, even after it took responsibility for the attacks,” Pfeffer wrote. “It was hard to find anyone at this gathering who would say a bad word about the attackers.”

    Using assailants with a history of mental or emotional problems is an ideal way for terrorists to reinforce this tendency as well, because it enables people to focus on the assailant’s distress, and society’s failure to deal with it, rather than on the evil intent of those who incited him to kill by telling him he would thereby become a hero instead of a loser.

    Yet both gambits are working for ISIS now precisely because Westerners were conditioned for decades to believe them by the way their own journalists, academics, and political leaders insistently treated Palestinian terror as Israel’s fault.

    Some Westerners, like the young Parisians interviewed by Pfeffer, have so internalized this attitude that they simply transfer it to their own countries; asserting that their society, too, must be to blame for the attacks against it. Others, like Malik, perform a kind of inversion: Indoctrinated to believe that terror is the victim’s fault, yet unable to believe their own societies evil enough to merit such attacks, they resolve the dilemma by asserting that unlike Palestinian violence–which Malik deems “rational” and “governed by certain norms”– jihadist violence must be senseless than rather than purposeful. “It is the arbitrariness of jihadist violence and its disregard for moral bounds that make it terrifying,” he proclaimed (he evidently thinks murdering random civilians in Israel is well within moral bounds).

    But whichever approach they choose, the one thing people like Malik and those young Parisians aren’t doing is putting the blame where it belongs: on the terrorist leaders who groom perpetrators to commit mass murder by indoctrinating them to believe that the road to glory runs through killing others.

    Terror can never be defeated until Westerners recognizes the crucial role played by this glorification of murder. And that won’t happen as long as the West keeps giving it a pass among the Palestinians, for they are the ones who pioneered this culture of death and inspired all the subsequent copycats.

    Evelyn Gordon

    https://www.commentarymagazine.com/terrorism/isis-copies-a-palestinian-tactic/

    J'aime

  3. jcdurbant dit :

    SAN BERNARDINO REDUX (Despite the red flags, Afghan refugee wasn’t on any terror watch lists)

    The 28-year-old terror suspect is a naturalized U.S. citizen whose family was granted asylum in 2011. Rahami made numerous trips to terror hotbeds Afghanistan and Pakistan in the last 10 years, according to Rep. Peter King (R-N.Y.). He became noticeably devout after returning from a visit to his homeland two years ago, friends and law enforcement sources said. “He had changed. He dressed differently, more religiously, the robe and everything” … He’s also posted radical Islamic writings on a personal website, sources told DNAInfo. Despite the red flags, Rahami wasn’t on any terror watch lists before he became the prime suspect in bombings in New York City and Seaside Park, N.J., including one that wounded 29 people when it exploded in Chelsea, officials said. The New Jersey bombing targeted a military charity run …

    http://nypost.com/2016/09/19/chelsea-bomb-suspect-found-religion-after-trip-to-afghanistan/

    J'aime

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