Scoop du siècle: Plus de musulmans tués par d’autres musulmans que par Israël (Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin: Will Muslims finally see the writing on the wall ?)

https://jcdurbant.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/da9de-rembrandtwritingonthewall.jpgLe roi Belschatsar donna un grand festin à ses grands au nombre de mille, et il but du vin en leur présence. (…) En ce moment, apparurent les doigts d’une main d’homme, et ils écrivirent, en face du chandelier, sur la chaux de la muraille du palais royal. Le roi vit cette extrémité de main qui écrivait. Alors le roi changea de couleur, et ses pensées le troublèrent; les jointures de ses reins se relâchèrent, et ses genoux se heurtèrent l’un contre l’autre. (…) Voici l’écriture qui a été tracée: Compté, compté, pesé, et divisé.Et voici l’explication de ces mots. Compté: Dieu a compté ton règne, et y a mis fin. Pesé: Tu as été pesé dans la balance, et tu as été trouvé léger. Divisé: Ton royaume sera divisé, et donne aux Mèdes et aux Perses. Daniel 5: 1-28
Iran and Hezbollah are cooperating with Israel to be able to support Assad. Assad has protected Israel’s border for 40 years. (…) The opposition was going to take over arms, so Israel attacked. There is evidence pointing to this. (…) This assault was intended to support the Assad administration. Abdulkader Saleh (Syrian opposition commander)
More Muslims have died at the hands of fellow Muslims than at the hands of Israel. Sheikh Nasser al-Asfour (Bahraini cleric, al-Wasat daily)
Selon des témoins et des responsables de la sécurité, des centaines d’habitants d’Abou Moussallam, un village du gouvernorat de Guizeh au sud du Caire, ont cerné dimanche la maison d’un musulman chiite après avoir appris qu’un responsable religieux chiite, Hassan Shehata, s’y trouvait. La foule de plusieurs centaines de personnes a tenté d’incendier la maison située dans une ruelle en lançant des cocktails Molotov. Les gens scandaient « Allah Akbar » et « Les chiites sont des infidèles » puis sont entrés en force dans la maison pour en sortir les chiites et les frapper. Quatre personnes ont été tuées, dont Hassan Shehata et son frère, et plusieurs autres blessées. Le Premier ministre égyptien Hicham Qandil a condamné un « crime haineux » qui est « incompatible avec les principes et les enseignements de notre religion tolérante ». À Abou Moussallam, où les habitants qualifient les chiites d’« infidèles », la scène a été filmée avec des téléphones et les images ont circulé abondamment, des habitants expliquant aux journalistes combien ils étaient « fiers » de ce qui s’était passé. « Nous sommes contents de ce qui s’est passé. Ça aurait dû arriver depuis longtemps », a ainsi indiqué Mohammad Ismaïl, recueillant l’approbation autour de lui. Selon un habitant s’exprimant sous le couvert de l’anonymat, les gens étaient « furieux contre Shehata car il a récemment convaincu plusieurs habitants de se convertir au chiisme ». L’Orient le jour
Some 11,000,000 Muslims have been violently killed since 1948, of which 35,000, or 0.3 percent, died during the sixty years of fighting Israel, or just 1 out of every 315 Muslim fatalities. In contrast, over 90 percent of the 11 million who perished were killed by fellow Muslims. Heinsohn and Pipes (2007)
The Syrian conflict has already killed five to 10 times as many people in a mere two years – anywhere from 80,000 to 120,000, depending on whose estimate you believe – as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has in the entire 65 years of Israel’s existence (about 15,000). And that’s without even mentioning the ongoing Muslim-on-Muslim carnage in places like Iraq (almost 2,000 killed in the last three months) or Pakistan, much less historical events like the Iran-Iraq War of 1980-88, which killed more than one million people. Commentary

Attention: un bilan peut en cacher un autre !

A l’heure où nos apprentis-sorciers de gouvernants et leurs amis pompiers-pyromanes qataris et saoudiens s’apprêtent à officialiser leur aide financière et militaire …

Aux barbares crieurs de allah akbar de la version syrienne du prétendu « printemps arabe » …

Contre leurs frères ennemis de l’Iran et du Hezbollah pour un bilan qui pourrait se chiffrer en centaines de milliers de victimes …

Et où de son côté l’un des commandants desdites forces d’opposition au régime syrien dénonce (on ne rit pas !) la collusion de l’Etat d’Israël avec l’Iran et ses affidés du Hezbollah …

Remise des pendules à l’heure, avec les chiffres de 2007 du magazine  Frontpage, sur le vrai bilan, dans sa propre région du monde, de la religion d’amour de paix et de tolérance …

Qui, comme semble le confirmer (sentant le vent tourner ?) rien de moins qu’un religieux chiite bahreini lui-même, dépasserait largement, surprise des surprises, celui des forces israéliennes depuis la création de leur Etat il y a 65 ans …

Arab-Israeli Fatalities Rank 49th

Gunnar Heinsohn and Daniel Pipes

October 08, 2007

The Arab-Israeli conflict in the global imagination.

The Arab-Israeli conflict is often said, not just by extremists, to be the world’s most dangerous conflict – and, accordingly, Israel is judged the world’s most belligerent country.

For example, British prime minister Tony Blair told the U.S. Congress in July 2003 that “Terrorism will not be defeated without peace in the Middle East between Israel and Palestine. Here it is that the poison is incubated. Here it is that the extremist is able to confuse in the mind of a frighteningly large number of people the case for a Palestinian state and the destruction of Israel.” This viewpoint leads many Europeans, among others, to see Israel as the most menacing country on earth.

But is this true? It flies in the face of the well-known pattern that liberal democracies do not aggress; plus, it assumes, wrongly, that the Arab-Israeli conflict is among the most costly in terms of lives lost.

To place the Arab-Israeli fatalities in their proper context, one of the two co-authors, Gunnar Heinsohn, has compiled statistics to rank conflicts since 1950 by the number of human deaths incurred. Note how far down the list is the entry in bold type.

Conflicts since 1950 with over 10,000 Fatalities*

1 40,000,000 Red China, 1949-76 (outright killing, manmade famine, Gulag)

2 10,000,000 Soviet Bloc: late Stalinism, 1950-53; post-Stalinism, to 1987 (mostly Gulag)

3 4,000,000 Ethiopia, 1962-92: Communists, artificial hunger, genocides

4 3,800,000 Zaire (Congo-Kinshasa): 1967-68; 1977-78; 1992-95; 1998-present

5 2,800,000 Korean war, 1950-53

6 1,900,000 Sudan, 1955-72; 1983-2006 (civil wars, genocides)

7 1,870,000 Cambodia: Khmer Rouge 1975-79; civil war 1978-91

8 1,800,000 Vietnam War, 1954-75

9 1,800,000 Afghanistan: Soviet and internecine killings, Taliban 1980-2001

10 1,250,000 West Pakistan massacres in East Pakistan (Bangladesh 1971)

11 1,100,000 Nigeria, 1966-79 (Biafra); 1993-present

12 1,100,000 Mozambique, 1964-70 (30,000) + after retreat of Portugal 1976-92

13 1,000,000 Iran-Iraq-War, 1980-88

14 900,000 Rwanda genocide, 1994

15 875,000 Algeria: against France 1954-62 (675,000); between Islamists and the government 1991-2006 (200,000)

16 850,000 Uganda, 1971-79; 1981-85; 1994-present

17 650,000 Indonesia: Marxists 1965-66 (450,000); East Timor, Papua, Aceh etc, 1969-present (200,000)

18 580,000 Angola: war against Portugal 1961-72 (80,000); after Portugal’s retreat (1972-2002)

19 500,000 Brazil against its Indians, up to 1999

20 430,000 Vietnam, after the war ended in 1975 (own people; boat refugees)

21 400,000 Indochina: against France, 1945-54

22 400,000 Burundi, 1959-present (Tutsi/Hutu)

23 400,000 Somalia, 1991-present

24 400,000 North Korea up to 2006 (own people)

25 300,000 Kurds in Iraq, Iran, Turkey, 1980s-1990s

26 300,000 Iraq, 1970-2003 (Saddam against minorities)

27 240,000 Columbia, 1946-58; 1964-present

28 200,000 Yugoslavia, Tito regime, 1944-80

29 200,000 Guatemala, 1960-96

30 190,000 Laos, 1975-90

31 175,000 Serbia against Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, 1991-1999

32 150,000 Romania, 1949-99 (own people)

33 150,000 Liberia, 1989-97

34 140,000 Russia against Chechnya, 1994-present

35 150,000 Lebanon civil war, 1975-90

36 140,000 Kuwait War, 1990-91

37 130,000 Philippines: 1946-54 (10,000); 1972-present (120,000)

38 130,000 Burma/Myanmar, 1948-present

39 100,000 North Yemen, 1962-70

40 100,000 Sierra Leone, 1991-present

41 100,000 Albania, 1945-91 (own people)

42 80,000 Iran, 1978-79 (revolution)

43 75,000 Iraq, 2003-present (domestic)

44 75,000 El Salvador, 1975-92

45 70,000 Eritrea against Ethiopia, 1998-2000

46 68,000 Sri Lanka, 1997-present

47 60,000 Zimbabwe, 1966-79; 1980-present

48 60,000 Nicaragua, 1972-91 (Marxists/natives etc,)

49 51,000 Arab-Israeli conflict 1950-present

50 50,000 North Vietnam, 1954-75 (own people)

51 50,000 Tajikistan, 1992-96 (secularists against Islamists)

52 50,000 Equatorial Guinea, 1969-79

53 50,000 Peru, 1980-2000

54 50,000 Guinea, 1958-84

55 40,000 Chad, 1982-90

56 30,000 Bulgaria, 1948-89 (own people)

57 30,000 Rhodesia, 1972-79

58 30,000 Argentina, 1976-83 (own people)

59 27,000 Hungary, 1948-89 (own people)

60 26,000 Kashmir independence, 1989-present

61 25,000 Jordan government vs. Palestinians, 1970-71 (Black September)

62 22,000 Poland, 1948-89 (own people)

63 20,000 Syria, 1982 (against Islamists in Hama)

64 20,000 Chinese-Vietnamese war, 1979

65 19,000 Morocco: war against France, 1953-56 (3,000) and in Western Sahara, 1975-present (16,000)

66 18,000 Congo Republic, 1997-99

67 10,000 South Yemen, 1986 (civil war)

*All figures rounded. Sources: Brzezinski, Z., Out of Control: Global Turmoil on the Eve of the Twenty-first Century, 1993; Courtois, S., Le Livre Noir du Communism, 1997; Heinsohn, G., Lexikon der Völkermorde, 1999, 2nd ed.; Heinsohn, G., Söhne und Weltmacht, 2006, 8th ed.; Rummel. R., Death by Government, 1994; Small, M. and Singer, J.D., Resort to Arms: International and Civil Wars 1816-1980, 1982; White, M., “Death Tolls for the Major Wars and Atrocities of the Twentieth Century,” 2003.

This grisly inventory finds the total number of deaths in conflicts since 1950 numbering about 85,000,000. Of that sum, the deaths in the Arab-Israeli conflict since 1950 include 32,000 deaths due to Arab state attacks and 19,000 due to Palestinian attacks, or 51,000 in all. Arabs make up roughly 35,000 of these dead and Jewish Israelis make up 16,000.

These figures mean that deaths Arab-Israeli fighting since 1950 amount to just 0.06 percent of the total number of deaths in all conflicts in that period. More graphically, only 1 out of about 1,700 persons killed in conflicts since 1950 has died due to Arab-Israeli fighting.

(Adding the 11,000 killed in the Israeli war of independence, 1947-49, made up of 5,000 Arabs and 6,000 Israeli Jews, does not significantly alter these figures.)

In a different perspective, some 11,000,000 Muslims have been violently killed since 1948, of which 35,000, or 0.3 percent, died during the sixty years of fighting Israel, or just 1 out of every 315 Muslim fatalities. In contrast, over 90 percent of the 11 million who perished were killed by fellow Muslims.

Comments: (1) Despite the relative non-lethality of the Arab-Israeli conflict, its renown, notoriety, complexity, and diplomatic centrality will probably give it continued out-sized importance in the global imagination. And Israel’s reputation will continue to pay the price. (2) Still, it helps to point out the 1-in-1,700 statistic as a corrective, in the hope that one day, this reality will register, permitting the Arab-Israeli conflict to subside to its rightful, lesser place in world politics.

Professor Heinsohn is director of the Raphael-Lemkin-Institut für Xenophobie- und Genozidforschung at the University of Bremen. Mr. Pipes (www.DanielPipes.org) is director of the Middle East Forum.

Voir aussi:

Syria Spurs A Few Arabs to Rethink Israel

Evelyn Gordon

Commentary

06.19.2013

One surprising side effect of Syria’s civil war is that it’s causing a few people in the Arab world to question their society’s accepted view of Israel as evil incarnate. These people are still very much a minority: The majority’s attitude is exemplified by the Syrian rebel commander who, without batting an eyelash, last month espoused the delusional theory that “Iran and Hezbollah are cooperating with Israel” to support Syrian President Bashar Assad. Nevertheless, two notable examples of a rethink have surfaced recently.

One involved a seriously wounded Syrian treated at an Israeli hospital this month. He isn’t the first Syrian to be treated in Israel, but he was the first to arrive with a note from the Syrian doctor who treated him initially. “To the honorable doctor, hello,” it began, before launching into a description of his symptoms, his treatment to date and suggestions for further treatment. “Please do what you think needs to be done,” it concluded. “Thanks in advance.”

The Syrian doctor who wrote that note clearly didn’t view Israelis as enemies, but as colleagues who could be trusted to give his patient the care he himself couldn’t provide. It indicates that word has filtered out to at least parts of Syria: Good medical care is available in Israel, and patients who need it can safely be sent there.

Perhaps even more remarkable, however, was a Friday sermon given earlier this month by a cleric in Qatif, a Shi’ite-majority city in Saudi Arabia. Discussing the conflict in Syria, Sheikh Abdullah Ahmed al-Youssef informed his congregants that more Muslims have been killed by fellow Muslims than were ever killed by Israel.

That isn’t news to anyone familiar with the facts. As I noted last month, the Syrian conflict alone has killed more than five times as many people in just two years as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has in all of Israel’s 65 years of existence. And that’s without even mentioning the ongoing Muslim-on-Muslim carnage in places like Iraq (almost 2,000 killed in the last three months) or Pakistan, much less historical events like the Iran-Iraq War of 1980-88, which killed more than one million people.

But most Arabs aren’t familiar with the facts, having been fed delusional atrocity tales about Israel for decades by their media and their political, religious, cultural and intellectual leaders. Thus for a cleric to stand up in the mosque and tell his congregants this home truth borders on the revolutionary.

If this attitude spreads, it would benefit not just Israel, or even the elusive quest for Mideast peace, but above all, the Arabs themselves. This isn’t merely because Israel has much to offer Arab countries on a practical level (like water management technologies essential for agriculture in a drought-stricken region), but mainly because Arab society’s biggest problem has always been its habit of blaming outsiders–Israel and the West–for all its ills. By so doing, they not only absolve themselves of responsibility, but also nourish the belief that these ills are beyond their control, and hence beyond their own power to fix.

By recognizing that Israel is not the monster of their own imagining, Arabs can begin the process of recognizing that their problems are of their own making rather than the product of malign outside intervention. And only then can they begin the long, hard work of fixing them.

Voir également:

Syrian Rebel Says Israel Supports Assad

Military.com

May 13, 2013

UPI

Iran and Hezbollah are cooperating with Israel to support Syrian President Bashar Assad’s regime, Abdulkader Saleh, a Syrian opposition commander said.

« Iran and Hezbollah are cooperating with Israel to be able to support Assad. Assad has protected Israel’s border for 40 years, » Saleh said in an interview published Monday by the Turkish daily Today’s Zaman.

Saleh also said the alleged Israeli airstrike in Syria, in which at least 42 Syrian soldiers were killed, was aimed at preventing Syrian opposition forces from taking control of weapons.

« The opposition was going to take over arms, so Israel attacked. There is evidence pointing to this, » he said.

Israel has refused to comment on the airstrike but foreign media reported Israeli war planes bombed stockpiles of Iranian-made rockets in sites around Damascus. The rockets allegedly were to be transported to Hezbollah in Lebanon.

« This assault was intended to support the Assad administration, » Saleh said.

He maintained that senior Syrian army commanders were planning to hand over the weapons to Syrian opposition forces when the airstrike occurred.

Saleh also rejected reports that opposition forces in Syria had used chemical weapons.

« [Chemical weapons] have been used in Damascus’ Ghouta, Homs and now Aleppo’s Khan al-Assal region. These attacks indicate the regime’s demise, » he said.

Voir encore:

Statesmen Stuck in Middle East Time Warp

Evelyn Gordon

Commentary

05.28.2013

While visiting Israel this weekend, Secretary of State John Kerry said that everywhere he goes – Europe, the Gulf States, China, Japan, even New Zealand and Brazil – the first thing he is asked about is the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Perhaps his hosts are simply demonstrating tact by starting off with the only issue Kerry shows any real interest in. But if this is truly their number-one concern, we should all be afraid: It means the leaders and diplomats entrusted with managing global crises don’t have the faintest understanding of what is and isn’t important.

Even if we disregard some pretty major problems elsewhere on the planet – for instance, the adventurism of nuclear North Korea, or the serious instability in another nuclear power, Pakistan, where Islamic extremists slaughter thousands of their own countrymen every year – there’s a Middle Eastern problem right next door that’s infinitely more important than the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. I am talking, of course, about Syria.

It’s not just that the Syrian conflict has already killed five to 10 times as many people in a mere two years – anywhere from 80,000 to 120,000, depending on whose estimate you believe – as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has in the entire 65 years of Israel’s existence (about 15,000). It’s that unlike the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the Syrian conflict is rapidly destabilizing all its neighbors.

Over the last 25 years, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict has manifested itself in two intifadas and two Hamas-Israel wars. Not one of them resulted in refugees fleeing to other countries, fighters pouring in from other countries, or violence inside other countries. The Syrian conflict, however, has produced large quantities of all three.

Some 1.5 million Syrian refugees have fled to other countries, mainly Jordan, Turkey and Lebanon, and the UN says the number is rising by about 250,000 per month. This is putting a serious strain on the host countries.

Moreover, citizens of most of Syria’s neighbors – especially Lebanon, Iraq and Jordan – are now fighting in Syria, acquiring skills that their countries of origin fear will be turned against their own countrymen when they return. And the problem isn’t confined to Arab countries: Hundreds of European Muslims are also fighting in Syria, where they are being further radicalized and learning military skills that will make them serious terror risks when they return. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has attracted no similar influx.

Finally, the Syrian conflict is exporting violence to all its neighbors. To cite just two of the most serious incidents, a double bombing killed 52 people in Reyhanli, a Turkish town near the Syrian border, two weeks ago, while Sunni-Alawite clashes in the Lebanese city of Tripoli have killed 29 people in the last week.

The Syrian conflict is thus a clear and present danger to every country in the region, and even to some farther afield, like the European states whose citizens are fighting there. The same hasn’t been true of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in decades: The last time this conflict drew in another country was the 1982 Lebanon War (the Israel-Hezbollah war of 2006 had nothing to do with the Palestinians). Today, the conflict affects nobody but Israelis and Palestinians themselves.

Yet the statesmen whom we count on to manage global affairs appear to be stuck in a time warp, unable to see that the map of the world’s problems has changed. And that may pose an even greater danger than the bloodbath in Syria.

Voir aussi:

Gulf Shi’ites fear blame for Syrian conflict

Researcher: Hate language is on the rise, in the press, on social media and even at lectures in mosques.

Jerusalem Post

12/06/2013

DUBAI – Shi’ite Muslims in the Gulf, alarmed by the shrill sectarian rhetoric of some Sunni clerics after Lebanon’s Hezbollah militia entered Syria’s civil war, fear they will be blamed and may be victimized for the bloodshed.

« Hate language is on the rise, in the press, on social media and even at lectures in mosques. Shi’ites in general are being blamed for what’s happening in Syria, » said Waleed Sulais, a researcher at the Saudi Adalah Center for Human Rights.

Emotions over the Syrian conflict have been stoked by gory online videos depicting atrocities in stark language that plays on the Sunni affiliation of most of the rebels and on President Bashar Assad’s Alawite family, an offshoot of Shi’ite Islam.

Respected Muslim religious figures have now lent a measure of authority to inflammatory online sectarian material, casting the conflict as part of a wider Sunni-Shi’ite struggle.

The influential Sunni cleric Youssef al-Qaradawi urged Sunnis to join a jihad (holy war) in Syria, and his Qatar-based International Association of Muslim Scholars has called for a « day of rage » over the conflict next Friday.

In Egypt, the most populous Arab state, a senior preacher from the ruling Muslim Brotherhood, Salah Sultan, called the Shi’ite Hezbollah (party of God) movement « the party of Satan » in a nationally televised sermon last Friday.

Such talk has aggravated a geopolitical split between countries allied to Shi’ite power Iran and those aligned with Gulf Sunni states, a divide that has turned into an all-out proxy war in Syria.

« There is a very raw sectarian nerve that is being twitched and stroked in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries right now, » Sheikh Mohammad al-Mubarak al-Sabah, Kuwaiti Minister for Cabinet Affairs and a Sunni Muslim, told Reuters.

« It’s very flammable, very sensitive… Unfortunately Syria has become the new battleground for a very ancient tug of war. »

Gulf Arab states have been among the rebels’ main supporters while Iran has backed Assad with arms and cash, and encouraged fighters from its Lebanese ally Hezbollah to join the struggle.

While Sunni volunteers have swelled rebel ranks, the rebels report that large numbers of Shi’ite fighters are now crossing into Syria from Iraq, another Gulf state with its own deepening sectarian divide, to help Assad, whose forces are massing for an offensive on the northern city of Aleppo.

Some Sunni clerics have extended their verbal assault to local Shi’ites, who are a minority group in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait but a majority in Bahrain, branding them tools of non-Arab Iran.

« Everything that happens in Syria or Lebanon has an impact everywhere in the region, » said Jihan Kazerooni, vice president of the Bahrain Rehabilitation and Anti-Violence Organization (BRAVO). « As a Bahraini woman, I am afraid of a sectarian war. »

SUSPICION, DISCRIMINATION

Mutual suspicion has fuelled a historic rift in Islam that began after the death of the Prophet Mohammad in 632 AD. Shi’ites, followers of the Prophet’s son-in-law Ali and his descendants, complain of systematic discrimination and neglect of their communities.

« In times of high tension, like the times we are going through now, these unfortunate sectarian issues rise up to the surface, » said Alanoud Alsharekh, a senior fellow at the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

Minorities close ranks against perceived external threats.

Videos posted on the Internet from the battlefront in Syria have served to polarize Gulf Arabs, whose Shi’ite communities increasingly complain they are seen as Iranian agents.

Shi’ites point to the recent digging up by rebels near Damascus of the grave of a seventh-century figure revered by Shi’ites, and the filmed cutting out of the heart of a Syrian government soldier by a rebel fighter as examples of what could happen to them if hardline Islamists take charge.

For their part, Sunnis say Assad’s forces have committed countless massacres in their struggle to shield the president from being overthrown.

« What is dangerous about this issue is that while the media may target Hezbollah, all the Shi’ites are implicated in this, » Sulais said. « Everybody is regarded as a Hezbollah supporter. »

IRANIAN FACTOR

Although Syria is ruled by the secular pan-Arab Baath party, many Gulf Arabs fear a victory by the Iranian-backed Assad could extend Tehran’s influence across what Jordan’s King Abdullah once called a Shi’ite crescent stretching from Tehran to Beirut.

Sunni-led Gulf Arab states accuse Iran of being behind an uprising by Bahrain’s majority Shi’ites in 2011 that threatened the Sunni monarchy, and blame them for occasional protests by minority Shi’ites in eastern Saudi Arabia.

Saudi forces intervened to help Bahrain’s ruler crush the revolt.

Riyadh has also blamed Iran for an alleged plot to kill its ambassador in Washington, and has also rounded up a number of people accused of espionage for Tehran.

When Assad’s forces, backed by Hezbollah fighters retook Qusair town last week, some Saudis saw that as an Iranian win.

« If Bashar al-Assad’s regime survives, Iran and Hezbollah will also be victorious. Thus, it is not an exaggeration to say that this is a decisive battle for the Gulf states, Jordan and Lebanon, and before them all Syria, » Rashed said.

GOVERNMENT ROLE

Although some conservative clerics who have blasted Shi’ites are close to Gulf Sunni governments, the increasingly sectarian language does not necessarily have official backing.

In 2003, Saudi Arabia set up the King Abdulaziz Center for National Dialogue as a venue to promote understanding. Last year King Abdullah said a centre to study Muslim sects was being set up, a statement seen as sending a message to Sunni clerics that they should regard Shi’ites as proper Muslims.

Now, however, Sulais said he feared years of efforts by Gulf governments to improve relations between Sunnis and Shi’ites « are being wasted ».

Despite the high tensions, there has been virtually no incident of friction in countries with mixed populations, thanks to strong government policies that do not tolerate to strife. So harsh words have yet to turn into deeds.

Government-approved sermons preached in Saudi Arabia last Friday mostly focused on social issues such as behavior in the summer holidays and combating drug abuse.

Shi’ite clerics across the Gulf also sought to calm tempers, appealing to followers to avoid inflaming passions.

« Today, more than ever, we need to shy away from aggravating the sectarian spasm and confessional tensions, and to work to create a positive climate and prepare the ground to contain all forms of partisanship and agitation, » Sheikh Nasser al-Asfour, a Bahraini cleric, said according to al-Wasat daily on Sunday.

Sheikh Abdullah Ahmed al-Youssef, in a Friday sermon in the mostly Shi’ite Saudi city of Qatif, expressed sorrow at what he called « the dangerous division » that Muslims are living through. He noted that more Muslims have died at the hands of fellow Muslims than at the hands of Israel.

Voir encore:

À Abou Moussallam, on est « fier » du lynchage de 4 chiites

OLJ/AFP

juin 25, 2013

Le Premier ministre Qandil a condamné un « crime haineux ».

Des habitants d’un village proche du Caire où quatre chiites ont été lynchés par une foule hostile affichaient hier leur « fierté » après cette attaque, la première de ce type alors qu’une rhétorique antichiite se généralise dans le pays.

Selon des témoins et des responsables de la sécurité, des centaines d’habitants d’Abou Moussallam, un village du gouvernorat de Guizeh au sud du Caire, ont cerné dimanche la maison d’un musulman chiite après avoir appris qu’un responsable religieux chiite, Hassan Shehata, s’y trouvait. La foule de plusieurs centaines de personnes a tenté d’incendier la maison située dans une ruelle en lançant des cocktails Molotov. Les gens scandaient « Allah Akbar » et « Les chiites sont des infidèles » puis sont entrés en force dans la maison pour en sortir les chiites et les frapper. Quatre personnes ont été tuées, dont Hassan Shehata et son frère, et plusieurs autres blessées.

Le Premier ministre égyptien Hicham Qandil a condamné un « crime haineux » qui est « incompatible avec les principes et les enseignements de notre religion tolérante ».

À Abou Moussallam, où les habitants qualifient les chiites d’« infidèles », la scène a été filmée avec des téléphones et les images ont circulé abondamment, des habitants expliquant aux journalistes combien ils étaient « fiers » de ce qui s’était passé. « Nous sommes contents de ce qui s’est passé. Ça aurait dû arriver depuis longtemps », a ainsi indiqué Mohammad Ismaïl, recueillant l’approbation autour de lui. Selon un habitant s’exprimant sous le couvert de l’anonymat, les gens étaient « furieux contre Shehata car il a récemment convaincu plusieurs habitants de se convertir au chiisme ».

Environ une vingtaine de familles chiites vivent à Abou Moussallam. Les chiites représentent moins de 1 % de la population égyptienne, dans sa très grande majorité de confession sunnite. Les sunnites sont traditionnellement opposés aux chiites, selon lesquels de nombreux compagnons du prophète Mohammad vénérés par les sunnites étaient corrompus et ont usurpé le pouvoir au détriment du successeur légitime de Mohammad, son cousin Ali.

M. Shehata était une figure importante de la petite communauté chiite égyptienne. Il a été emprisonné à plusieurs reprises sous le régime de l’ex-président Hosni Moubarak pour insulte à la religion, selon des habitants. « Shehata assistait à une cérémonie religieuse dans la maison », a indiqué, en larmes, un habitant chiite Diaa Moharram. Selon Yasser Yehya, un charpentier, quand les gens ont découvert que Shehata s’y trouvait, ils ont demandé aux propriétaires de leur livrer le religieux mais ils ont refusé. « Ils ont traîné les chiites dehors l’un après l’autre et les ont frappés à mort », a-t-il dit.

Les chiites égyptiens sont régulièrement visés par des discours hostiles dans les médias et de la part de prédicateurs islamistes égyptiens, qui les accusent d’être sous l’influence de l’Iran, où le chiisme est majoritaire. Récemment lors d’une conférence en présence du président Mohammad Morsi, un responsable d’un mouvement salafiste a traité les chiites d’« immondices ».

Bahaa Anwar, un porte-parole de la communauté chiite en Égypte, a fait porter à M. Morsi la responsabilité de cette attaque. « Mohammad Morsi porte l’entière responsabilité de ce qui s’est passé car il y a eu constamment des incitations antichiites dans le village, et personne n’est intervenu malgré nos appels répétés aux autorités », a-t-il indiqué. Selon l’adjoint de la sécurité pour Guizeh, le général Abelazim Nasreddine, la police a tenté dimanche d’intervenir, « mais la foule était trop importante et les rues trop étroites, nous empêchant de la disperser ». Posté avec ses hommes en dehors du village, il a indiqué que la police avait été attaquée avec des bâtons et des couteaux par les habitants, « nous forçant à nous retirer ». Selon lui, la police à pu faire sortir 25 chiites de la maison pendant l’attaque, « ce qui a permis de réduire le nombre de victimes ».

Voir enfin:

Chiite, la confession négative

Le Moyen-Orient a trouvé sa nouvelle guerre de religion

Daoud Boughezala

Causeur

17 Juin 2013

Hachem Salman avait 19 ans. Il a été abattu devant l’ambassade d’Iran à Beyrouth le 9 juin dernier. Mort pour ses idées. Le chef des jeunes de l’Option libanaise, petit parti chiite anti-Hezbollah, a été molesté par des chemises noires armées de bâtons puis tué à bout portant. Des gardes iraniens du bâtiment diplomatique ou des gros bras du parti de Dieu, l’enquête officielle n’a pas encore désigné les coupables.

Le martyre de Salman symbolise en tout cas le chant du cygne d’une grande idée née à la fin du XIXe siècle. Au grand courroux des derniers nationalistes arabes, leur idéologie est bel et bien morte et enterrée. Ni Damas ni Téhéran : la neutralité de l’Option libanaise porte peu chez des chiites libanais électeurs du Hezbollah et de son allié Amal à plus de 85%.

En ces temps troublés, la mort d’Hachem Salman sonne aussi le glas de l’unité chiite. En proie à des tensions croissantes au Proche-Orient et dans le golfe persique, des millions de musulmans chiites vivent au rythme des combats menés en Syrie, des élections iraniennes et des sempiternels affrontements intra-libanais. De ce point de vue, la semaine dernière fut particulièrement riche en rebondissements.

D’abord, le Hezbollah a – définitivement ? – enterré son credo islamo-nationaliste. Les géopoliticiens devront revoir leurs classiques : avec la guerre de Syrie, de la figure du partisan territorialisé, le hezbollahi personnifie le second type schmittien : le partisan global, sans enracinement tellurique, tel le premier salafiste venu.

Peu on prou, on observe la formation d’une « Internationale chiite » à l’identité religieuse claudicante. Si ses buts stratégiques restent bien définis, l’axe Damas-Téhéran ne correspond en effet à aucune unité confessionnelle, le clan alaouite d’Assad étant à un chiite iranien ce qu’un anglican est à l’évêque de Rome. Tant il est vrai que la politique commande au religieux, la (non-)pratique quotidienne de l’alaouite de la rue a peu à avoir avec le rite officiel « chiitisé » promu par le régime syrien depuis ses trente ans de noces avec l’Iran1 [2]. N’en déplaise aux essentialistes, la géostratégie est affaire d’intérêts, les tapis de prière suivent. La nouvelle guerre de religion qui déchire le Moyen-Orient a tout de la lutte d’influence, avec des acteurs telluriques fragilisés (l’Arabie Saoudite à la puissance déclinante, la Syrie baathiste vacillante) et de nouvelles forces hyper-mobiles qui livrent bataille aux quatre coins de l’Oumma : Salafistes vs. Hezbollahis. Même les vieux Etats se prennent à ce petit jeu. Ainsi, son président réformateur Rohani à peine élu, la République islamique d’Iran a annoncé l’envoi de quatre mille soldats en Syrie, sans doute pour signifier que la politique étrangère reste l’apanage exclusif du Guide. On ne badine pas avec une alliance vieille de trente ans…

Aujourd’hui estampillé mouvement régional, le Hezbollah achève d’internationaliser le séisme syrien et ses répliques libanaises. Face au chaudron bahreïni qui gronde, le Conseil de Coopération du golfe a carrément inscrit le Parti de Dieu sur la liste des organisations terroristes pendant que ses membres multiplient les mesures vexatoires à l’encontre de leurs minorités chiites. En rétorsion, un koweïtien a failli être enlevé sur un site touristique libanais il y a quelques jours puis quatre chiites ont été assassinés dans la Bekaa. Tout le monde a en tête les récentes images de villageois chiites massacrés par la guerilla, à l’est de la Syrie. Une barbarie qui ne le cède en rien aux exactions des mercenaires pro-Bachar.

Avec des foyers aussi incandescents que le brasier syrien, l’Internationale chiite aura fort à faire pour ménager sa sphère d’influence. Que son porte-parole s’appelle Khamenei ou Rohani, qu’il éveille l’effroi ou l’espoir des bonnes consciences occidentales, n’y changera finalement pas grand-chose.

*Photo : looking4poetry.

On lira avec intérêt les indispensables travaux de Thomas Pierret sur l’intégration de l’alaouisme syrien au rite jaffarite en vigueur en Iran, notamment à travers de multiples séjours religieux dans la ville sainte de Qom.

6 Responses to Scoop du siècle: Plus de musulmans tués par d’autres musulmans que par Israël (Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin: Will Muslims finally see the writing on the wall ?)

  1. […] des pendules à l’heure, avec les chiffres de 2007 du magazine  Frontpage, sur le vrai bilan, dans sa propre région du monde, de la religion d’amour de paix et de tolérance […]

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  2. […] des pendules à l’heure, avec les chiffres de 2007 du magazine  Frontpage, sur le vrai bilan, dans sa propre région du monde, de la religion d’amour de paix et de tolérance […]

    J'aime

  3. […] des pendules à l’heure, avec les chiffres de 2007 du magazine  Frontpage, sur le vrai bilan, dans sa propre région du monde, de la religion d’amour de paix et de tolérance […]

    J'aime

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