Jack LaLanne: L’inventeur de l’aerobic et du fitness était français et nous ne le savions pas (It’s the religion, stupid: How the son of a French-born dancer and SDA maid taught the world to exercice)

Breathing exercice (Battle creek sanitorium)

Image result for Jack lalanne father of fitnessImage result for lalanne tv showImage result for lalanne tv showLe christianisme peut maintenant continuer à s’étendre même sans la loi, car ses grandes percées intellectuelles et morales (…) ont fait de nous des chrétiens qui s’ignorent. René Girard
Tout le monde n’est pas gourmet, voilà pourquoi il faut des gastronomes. Il faut penser des gastronomes ce que nous pensons des pédagogues en général: que ce sont parfois d’insupportables cuistres mais qu’ils ont leur utilité. P. de Pressac
Après la révolution française, observe Marx, les aristocrates dont tout le capital incorporé consistait en un art de vivre désormais dépourvu de marché, devinrent les maitres à danser de l’Europe. Bourdieu
Le triangle est l’exemple d’une harmonie essentielle à l’homme sur les plans spirituel, intellectuel et physique. Luther Gulick (moniteur d’éducation physique du YMCA et créateur du symbole triangulaire des YMCA, 1891)
L’emphase des adventistes sur le holisme et la santé fait d’eux l’un des groupes de population les plus en bonne santé des Etats-Unis… Notre débat actuel sur la réforme du système de santé serait mieux informé en comprenant les bénéfices de la prévention et du bien-être dans cette communauté.  Martin Doblmeier
Rien de commun, a priori, entre l’île d’Okinawa au Japon, le petit village d’Ovodda perché dans les montagnes de Sardaigne et la ville californienne de Loma Linda. Et pourtant… Leurs populations vivent bien plus longtemps que la moyenne mondiale. Si les bienfaits du régime alimentaire (soja, légumes) d’Okinawa ont déjà fait l’objet d’études scientifiques, le cas sarde, lui, serait déterminé par des facteurs génétiques, les familles d’Ovodda puisant leurs records de longévité dans la pratique séculaire de la consanguinité. Mais il y a plus surprenant. La foi serait bénéfique à l’être humain dans sa capacité à résister au stress. Démonstration sous les cocotiers de la côte Ouest – berceau de l’Eglise adventiste dont les nombreux centenaires associent végétarisme, exercices sportifs et ferveur religieuse. Télérama
Six centenaires à Clapiers, pour un village d’un peu plus de 5.000 habitants, ce n’est pas commun. Cette particularité est due au Foyer du Romarin, une maison de retraite créée en 1974 sur les hauteurs de Clapiers, à l’ombre séculaire des pins d’Alep. (…) Le Foyer du Romarin a connu en outre deux hauts faits :  tout d’abord le mariage des « Plus vieux mariés du Monde », dont l’histoire a fait les délices des télévisions du monde entier, tant il n’y a pas d’âge pour l’amour, ensuite, l’hébergement de la doyenne du Languedoc-Roussillon, Marie Combes, décédée en février 2005 à l’âge de 109 ans et 4 mois, la seule centenaire du Foyer des Romarins à l’époque. Montpellier villages
It is a religion with me. It’s a way of life. A religion is a way of life, isn’t it? Jack La Lanne
Billy Graham was for the hereafter. I’m for the here and now. Jack La Lanne
Francois Henri LaLanne (nicknamed Jack by his brother) was born Sept. 26, 1914, in San Francisco to French immigrant parents; his father worked at the telephone company and was a dance instructor and his mother, who was a maid, was a Seventh-Day Adventist, a religion that advocates « eight keys » to good health, including nutrition and exercise. The LA Times

L’inventeur de l’aerobic et du fitness (mais aussi de la musculation) qui, excepté peut-être la Corée du nord, ont désormais conquis la planète entière était français et nous ne le savions pas !

Ouverture du premier club de gym connu du continent  tout près de San Francisco à Oakland  en Californie (1936),  invention des équipements à base de poulies qui sont encore utilisés dans les salles de sport modernes, première émission de télévision consacrée à l’aérobic, au début des années 1950, champion toutes catégories de l’autopromotion et de cascades les plus folles à la Houdini   que même Schwartzennegger n’arrivait pas à suivre (record de pompes, multitraversées à la nage la baie de San Francisco pieds et mains menottés, et remorquant un bateau de 500 kg)…

Mais qui, au pays de la gastronomie, de la mode et de l’art de vivre

Qui n’a pas cessé depuis la Révolution de donner, selon le mot de Marx, ses « maitres à danser au monde » …

Se souvient de Jack LaLanne

Ce fils de danseur (béarnais comme notre Francis Lalanne national) …

Qui vient de s’éteindre dans une petite ville de Californie à l’âge vénérable de 96 ans (petite notule dans Libération, silence radio aussi bien au Monde qu’au Figaro, rien dans le wikipedia français)?

Et qui rappellera qu’outre l’influence du nutritionniste Paul Bragg issu lui-même …

Via les YMCA, des mouvements de réveil protestant du milieu du XIXe siècle autour de George Williams …

Qui donneront plus tard au monde le basket-ball avec le pasteur James Naismith  et le volleyball de son ami William Morgan

Celui-ci tenait probablement, via sa mère (née Garaig) qui en était membre, une bonne part de sa ferveur quasi-religieuse en l’exercice physique d’un mouvement de réforme religieux et sanitaire américain …

Qui, comme l’Eglise adventiste du 7e jour,  donnera aussi au monde les corn flakes (via un certain John Kellogg) …

Et, sans compter les records du monde de longévité, la mode de la nourriture de régime ?

Jack LaLanne dies at 96; spiritual father of U.S. fitness movement

The ever-buoyant LaLanne opened what’s believed to be the country’s first health club in Oakland in 1936. In the ’50s he started a TV exercise show geared toward housewives, and he sold a popular line of exercise equipment, supplements and health food.
Claudia Luther
The LA Times
January 23, 2011

Jack LaLanne, the seemingly eternal master of health and fitness who first popularized the idea that Americans should work out and eat right to retain youthfulness and vigor, died Sunday. He was 96.
LaLanne died of respiratory failure due to pneumonia at his home in Morro Bay, Calif., his agent Rick Hersh said. He had undergone heart valve surgery in December 2009.

Though LaLanne was for many years dismissed as merely a « muscle man » — a notion fueled to some extent by his amazing feats of strength — he was the spiritual father of the health movement that blossomed into a national craze of weight rooms, exercise classes and fancy sports clubs.

LaLanne opened what is commonly believed to be the nation’s first health club, in Oakland in 1936. In the 1950s, he launched an early-morning televised exercise program keyed to housewives. He designed many now-familiar exercise machines, including leg extension machines and cable-pulley weights. And he proposed the then-radical idea that women, the elderly and even the disabled should work out to retain strength.

Full of exuberance and good cheer, LaLanne saw himself as a combination cheerleader, rescuer and savior. And if his enthusiasm had a religious fervor to it, well, so be it.

Well it is. It is a religion with me, » he told What Is Enlightenment, a magazine dedicated to awareness, in 1999. « It’s a way of life. A religion is a way of life, isn’t it? »

Billy Graham was for the hereafter. I’m for the here and now, » he told The Times when he was almost 92, employing his usual rapid-fire patter.

Another time, he explained, « The crusade is never off my mind — the exercise I do, the food I eat, the thought I think — all this and how I can help make my profession better-respected. To me, this one thing — physical culture and nutrition — is the salvation of America. »

When he started, he knew that most people viewed him as a charlatan. That’s when he decided to do the stunts that made him famous.

« I had to get people believing in me, » he said.

Other feats in his 40s: swimming from Alcatraz to San Francisco’s Fisherman’s Wharf wearing handcuffs; swimming the Golden Gate Channel while towing a 2,500-pound cabin cruiser; pulling a paddleboard 30 miles from the Farallon Islands to the San Francisco shore.

At age 60, he upped the ante by swimming from Alcatraz to Fisherman’s Wharf in San Francisco, handcuffed and shackled and towing a 1,000-pound boat.

The next year, he did a similar feat underwater. And at age 70, he towed 70 boats with 70 people from the Queen’s Way Bridge in Long Beach Harbor to the Queen Mary — while handcuffed and shackled.

Why attempt such feats?

I care more than — you cannot believe how much I care! I want to help somebody! » LaLanne explained. « Jesus, when he was on Earth, he was out there helping people, right? Why did he perform those miracles? To call attention to his profession. Why do you think I do these incredible feats ? To call attention to my profession! »

(Italics were essential in re-creating LaLanne’s speech — most writers quoting him also used numerous exclamation points.)

Well into his late 80s, LaLanne continued his personal fitness routine of two hours a day — one hour of weight training and another hour exercising in the pool — beginning at 5 or 5:30 in the morning (a concession to his age; in earlier days, he started at 4 a.m.).

No one — not even Arnold Schwarzenegger — could argue that LaLanne wasn’t the best. Schwarzenegger, who met LaLanne in the 1960s on Muscle Beach on the Venice Boardwalk, said LaLanne would try to see who could match him in numbers of chin-ups and push-ups.

« Nobody could, » Schwarzenegger told The Times. « No one even wanted to try. »

Francois Henri LaLanne (nicknamed Jack by his brother) was born Sept. 26, 1914, in San Francisco to French immigrant parents; his father worked at the telephone company and was a dance instructor and his mother, who was a maid, was a Seventh-Day Adventist, a religion that advocates « eight keys » to good health, including nutrition and exercise.

LaLanne grew up in Bakersfield, where his parents had moved to become sheep farmers, but the sheep contracted hoof-and-mouth disease, and the family moved to Oakland. LaLanne’s father died of a heart attack at age 50.

LaLanne often told the story of how his mother spoiled him, giving him sweets as a reward. By the time he reached adolescence he had become a « sugarholic » with a violent temper and suicidal thoughts.

But that was only the beginning: He was failing in school, his stomach was upset, he wore glasses, he had terrible headaches, he was weak and skinny, he had pimples and boils.

I was demented! I was psychotic! It was like a horror movie! » LaLanne said of this time of his life.

When he was 15, his distressed mother dragged him to a lecture on healthful living being given by nutritionist Paul Bragg.

We were a little late getting there and there were no seats available so we started to leave, » LaLanne told What Is Enlightenment magazine’s Andrew Cohen, « and the lecturer saw us and said, ‘Lady with the boy, we don’t turn anybody away! Ushers, bring two seats and put them up on the stage!’ « 

At some point, Bragg asked the young LaLanne what he had eaten for breakfast, lunch and dinner, and LaLanne told him: « Cakes, pies, ice cream! »

He said, ‘Jack, you are a walking garbage can,’  » LaLanne said.

But Bragg offered salvation to LaLanne: He could be « born again » and be the healthful and strong person he wanted to be — if he changed his ways.

That’s what I wanted! I wanted to be an athlete, I wanted the girls to like me, and I wanted to be able to get good grades in school, and this man said I could do all that, » LaLanne said.

LaLanne took Bragg’s message fully to heart. And, by his own testimony and that of everyone around him, he never had cake, pie, ice cream or any sweet from that day forward, nor did he drink a single cup of coffee or tea.

He also started working out with a passion and was a star athlete for the rest of his high school years. All his maladies disappeared; he even stopped wearing glasses.

I was a whole new human being, » he said of this transformation. « I liked people, they liked me. It was like an exorcism, kicking the devil outta me! »

After graduation from high school, LaLanne started his own business selling his mother’s healthful bread and cookies. He also set up a rudimentary gym and started training police officers and firefighters — « the fat and skinny ones who couldn’t pass their physicals » — in exercise and weightlifting.

When I first started out, I was considered a crackpot, » he said. « The doctors used to say, ‘Don’t go to that Jack LaLanne, you’ll get hemorrhoids, you won’t get an erection, you women will look like men, you athletes will get muscle-bound’ — this is what I had to go through. »

In 1936, he opened his first real gym — LaLanne’s Physical Culture Studio in downtown Oakland.

But business was slow. LaLanne went to a local high school and picked out the skinniest and the fattest students, offering (with their parents’ permission) to « turn their lives around » the way his had been.

Word of his success spread, and business was good enough for him to open other gyms. In 1952, he went on TV, but because he could only afford time in the early mornings, he found his audience was mostly young children. So he got a dog — Happy — to appeal to the kids, who were encouraged to go wake up their mommies for a workout. The show was eventually syndicated nationwide and ran for 34 years.

LaLanne met his wife, Elaine, whom he called LaLa, in 1950 on the set of a local TV show, where she booked talent. She was initially unimpressed by the 5-foot-6 1/2-inch LaLanne — she ate a doughnut and blew cigarette smoke in his face. But she took a closer look at him when a friend agreed to go out on a date with him. They were married in 1959, and she became an integral part of his business.

LaLanne’s business interests would grow to include a string of gyms across the United States, workout devices like the « Glamour Stretcher » and « JLL Stepper, » vitamins, supplements and several books.

By the time LaLanne was in his late 80s, however, the business consisted mostly of juicers that he advertised on infomercials and his lectures.

LaLanne also knew when to back off. An interviewer described him as « intensely unfussy for being such a fanatic. » And LaLanne once said that one of his best friends was a man who « weighs about 300 pounds, drinks a quart of booze a day and smokes like a fiend. I’ll light someone’s cigarette for them. This bull about changing people — you never change people! Accept ’em, accept ’em, accept ’em! »

For himself, he seemed to live by a there-but-for-the-grace-of-God-go-I philosophy that required him to be hyper-vigilant.

« With my personality, » he said, « I could be a runaway, out with a different woman every night, drunk every night, eating and doing things that — well, you know, you’ve got it in you, we’ve all got it in us. But that’s why you’ve got to take control! »

He had his pleasures — beautiful cars, singing, fine wine and a long and happy marriage that he said was passionate after many decades.

He felt proud every time he fulfilled his promise to himself to never eat between meals or eat sweets. While he was the first to agree that his liquid meals — the least repulsive breakfast was carrot juice, celery juice, some fruit, egg whites and soybean tasted pretty awful, he didn’t mind. And of his two-hour daily workouts at his home gym, which he called his « cathedral, » he said: « I want to see how long I can keep this up. It’s kind of a macho thing, using me as an example. »

LaLanne retained a high level of energy well into what, for the rest of us, would be dotage. But his feats tapered off after his 70th birthday. Although he talked of swimming underwater to Catalina Island for his 80th birthday, his wife threatened to divorce him if he did. « Let him rest on his laurels, » she said. He vowed to do the swim for his 90th birthday in 2004, but when the birthday rolled around, he told the San Jose Mercury News that he planned only to « tow my wife across the bathtub. » His plans for his 100th were even tamer: « I’d like to have the biggest group I’ve ever had watching me and lecture to them. »

LaLanne was given a star on Hollywood’s Walk of Fame in 2002, long after he had attained the respect he long craved. But his biggest thrill was to see that what he had been preaching and advocating for more than 50 years was being taken seriously.

Back then I was a crackpot; today, I am an authority, » he said in 1998.

Besides his wife, LaLanne is survived by Elaine’s son, Dan Doyle, of Los Angeles; LaLanne’s daughter by his first marriage, Yvonne, a chiropractor, of Walnut Creek; and the couple’s son, Jon, of Kauai, Hawaii.

Luther is a former Times staff writer.

Voir aussi:

USA: l’inépuisable gourou américain de l’aérobic meurt à 96 ans

(AFP) – Il y a 8 heures

LOS ANGELES — Le gourou américain de l’aérobic, Jack LaLanne, célèbre pour avoir popularisé l’exercice physique quotidien grâce à ses émissions de télévision, est mort à l’âge de 96 ans, a annoncé une porte-parole de son entreprise.

Jack LaLanne s’est éteint dimanche dans sa maison de Morro Bay, à 320 km au nord de Los Angeles (ouest), d’un arrêt respiratoire provoqué par une pneumonie, selon une porte-parole de BeFit Enterprises, Julia Baum.

L’histoire de LaLanne commence en 1936 avec l’ouverture du premier club de gym connu du continent, à Oakland, en Californie (ouest). Il invente des équipements à base de poulies qui sont encore utilisés dans les salles de sport modernes.

C’est extrêmement gratifiant pour moi de voir que tout ce pour quoi j’ai prêché et milité pendant 75 ans a porté ses fruits », se réjouissait récemment le vieil homme sur son site internet.

A l’époque, on me prenait pour un cinglé ou un charlatan. Aujourd’hui je fais autorité, et croyez-moi, je ne peux pas mourir, cela détruirait mon image ».

L’Amérique lui doit aussi la première émission de télévision consacrée à l’aérobic, au début des années 1950. Couvert de prix, Jack LaLanne a décroché à 88 ans une étoile au Boulevard de la gloire d’Hollywood, où les fleurs s’entassaient lundi au lendemain de son décès.

Jack LaLanne racontait que l’inspiration lui était venue du nutritioniste Paul Bragg, rencontré à 15 ans à Oakland. Comprenant qu’il mangeait trop gras, le jeune Jack s’inscrit alors dans un club pour jeunes gens sportifs, le YMCA, où quelques poids font son bonheur.

A 42 ans, en quête constante de publicité, Jack LaLanne réalise 1.033 pompes en 23 minutes – un record, dûment retransmis à la télévision.

Pour son soixantième anniversaire, rappelle son site internet, il avait traversé à la nage la baie de San Francisco de la prison d’Alcatraz jusqu’aux quais de la ville – mais pieds et mains menottés, et remorquant un bateau de 500 kg.

Voir enfin:

LaLanneisms

Jack LaLanne fervently believes every human being can attain maximum body health and fitness if they will practice moderation, eat the most natural foods, and exercise on a regular basis. Over the years on national television, radio talk shows and in feature stories written about Jack, certain ideas stated by Jack have become little gems known as “LaLanneisms”

Here are a few of Jack’s words of wisdom:

Anything in life is possible if you make it happen.

Anything in life is possible and you can make it happen.

Don’t exceed the feed limit.

The food you eat today is walking and talking tomorrow.

Ten seconds on the lips and a lifetime on the hips.

Better to wear out than rust out

Do – don’t stew.

People don’t die of old age, they die of inactivity.

First we inspire them, then we perspire them.

You eat everyday, you sleep everyday, and your body was made to exercise everyday.

Work at living and you don’t have to die tomorrow.

I can’t die, it would ruin my image.

If man makes it, don’t eat it.

If it tastes good, spit it out.

What’s it doing for me?

Your health account is like your bank account: The more you put in, the more you can take out.

If one apple is good, you wouldn’t eat 100.

It’s not what you do some of the time that counts, it’s what you do all of the time that counts.

Make haste slowly.

Eat right and you can’t go wrong.

Voir enfin:

6 centenaires à Clapiers

6 centenaires à Clapiers, pour un village d’un peu plus de 5.000 habitants, ce n’est pas commun.

Montpellier villages

06/02/2010

Cette particularité est due au Foyer du Romarin (http://www.foyerduromarin.com), une maison de retraite créée en 1974 sur les hauteurs de Clapiers, à l’ombre séculaire des pins d’Alep.

L’excellence de cet établissement a été couronnée, dès avril 2007, par la certification « NF Service », mention « Cadre éthique et engagement de services ».

Le Foyer du Romarin a fait partie des 3 premiers bénéficiaires au niveau national de cette certification.

Le Directeur de cette maison de retraite, Michel Aimonetti, n’est pas pour rien dans le dynamisme de cet établissement, dans ses liens constants avec la cité et dans son rayonnement.

L’intéressé affectionne l’innovation au service des anciens : création d’un cybersalon de thé en 2004, offre de cours informatiques par de jeunes moniteurs et introduction des jeux Wii plus récemment.

Michel Aimonetti possède aussi le sens de la formule affectueuse avec l’invention de néologismes, au gré de l’actualité : « septimamie », « centextuplés », etc.

Le Foyer du Romarin a connu en outre deux hauts faits :

  • tout d’abord le mariage des « Plus vieux mariés du Monde», dont l’histoire a fait les délices des télévisions du Monde entier, tant il n’y a pas d’âge pour l’amour,
  • ensuite, l’hébergement de la doyenne du Languedoc-Roussillon, Marie Combes, décédée en février 2005 à l’âge de 109 ans et 4 mois, la seule centenaire du Foyer des Romarins à l’époque.

Marie Combes est née à Saint-Gervais sur Mare, dans les Hauts-Cantons héraultais, puis s’est installée à Montpellier dans les années cinquante.

Elle a vécu 3 siècles et elle a été la première de son canton à obtenir son brevet.

L’itinéraire de Marie Combes a été prémonitoire de celui de beaucoup de Français, avec l’exode rural, l’ascension sociale et la vertigineuse croissance de l’espérance de vie.

Quant aux « Plus vieux mariés du Monde », si l’épouse est décédée, l’époux est maintenant devenu le doyen de la maison de retraite, avec 104 années attendues mi-avril.

Cet aîné est suivi par 5 « jeunes femmes » dont l’âge s’échelonnent entre 101 et 102 ans !

Ces 6 centenaires sont présents au Foyer du Romarin depuis 10 ans en moyenne.

 Photo : Christophe Commeyras

Equipe pluridisciplinaire dévouée, offre d’activités variées, programme de prévention et de soins de pointe en partenariat avec le Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Montpellier, cadre de vie agréable, définition de projets individuels avec chaque résident, relations sociales et familiales intenses, tels sont vraisemblablement quelques uns des ingrédients expliquant la longévité des pensionnaires.

L’Etat ayant lancé le 15 juillet 2009 une opération dénommée « Bien vieillir – vivre ensemble », c’est tout naturellement que le Foyer du Romarin et la Municipalité de Clapiers ont soumis leur candidature.

Cette initiative a été couronnée de succès puisque la Commune de Clapiers vient d’être labellisée.

Ce label national créé par le Ministère de la Santé, l’Association des maires de France et l’association parlementaire « Vieillir ensemble » est destiné à promouvoir et à soutenir les communes prenant en compte, dans leurs politiques locales, l’amélioration de la qualité de vie des aînés.

Sur le plan national, l’espérance de vie à 60 ans est maintenant de 27 ans pour les femmes et de 22 ans pour les hommes.

En outre, l’espérance de vie en bonne santé a augmenté davantage que l’espérance de vie à la naissance.

Le scénario médian envisagé par les démographes prévoit près de 150.000 centenaires en 2050.

Actuellement, leur nombre double tous les 10 ans et alors que la France comptait 200 centenaires seulement en 1950, elle en totalisait environ 20.000 en 2008.

Vivre plus vieux en bonne santé, c’est tout ce que l’on peut souhaiter à ceux que l’on aime !

8 Responses to Jack LaLanne: L’inventeur de l’aerobic et du fitness était français et nous ne le savions pas (It’s the religion, stupid: How the son of a French-born dancer and SDA maid taught the world to exercice)

  1. […] 6 centenaires à Clapiers, pour un village d’un peu plus de 5.000 habitants, ce n’est pas commun. Cette particularité est due au Foyer du Romarin, une maison de retraite créée en 1974 sur les hauteurs de Clapiers, à l’ombre séculaire des pins d’Alep. (…) Le Foyer du Romarin a connu en outre deux hauts faits :  tout d’abord le mariage des « Plus vieux mariés du Monde », dont l’histoire a fait les délices des télévisions du monde entier, tant il n’y a pas d’âge pour l’amour, ensuite, l’hébergement de la doyenne du Languedoc-Roussillon, Marie Combes, décédée en février 2005 à l’âge de 109 ans et 4 mois, la seule centenaire du Foyer des Romarins à l’époque. Montpellier villages […]

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  2. […] 6 centenaires à Clapiers, pour un village d’un peu plus de 5.000 habitants, ce n’est pas commun. Cette particularité est due au Foyer du Romarin, une maison de retraite créée en 1974 sur les hauteurs de Clapiers, à l’ombre séculaire des pins d’Alep. (…) Le Foyer du Romarin a connu en outre deux hauts faits :  tout d’abord le mariage des « Plus vieux mariés du Monde », dont l’histoire a fait les délices des télévisions du monde entier, tant il n’y a pas d’âge pour l’amour, ensuite, l’hébergement de la doyenne du Languedoc-Roussillon, Marie Combes, décédée en février 2005 à l’âge de 109 ans et 4 mois, la seule centenaire du Foyer des Romarins à l’époque. Montpellier villages […]

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  3. jcdurbant dit :

    Dan Buettner has spent years researching the parts of the world where people live much longer than average. Most of those locations are outside the United States — including Sardinia, Italy, and Okinawa, Japan — but there is one long-living group stateside. It’s the Seventh-day Adventists, who live an average of 10 years longer than the American life expectancy of about 79 years.

    Buettner, whose work is part of the Blue Zones Project, joined HuffPost Live’s Caitlyn Becker on Wednesday to explain what Seventh-day Adventists do right. That includes eating a plant-based diet and having « a social network that reinforces the right behavior. » Their religious beliefs are also a big help, he said.

    « They take this idea of Sabbath very seriously, so they’re decompressing the stress, » Buettner said. « About 84 percent of health care dollars are spent because of bad food choices, inactivity and unmanaged stress, and they have these cultural ways of managing stress through their Sabbath. »

    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/07/31/seventh-day-adventists-life-expectancy_n_5638098.html

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  5. jcdurbant dit :

    THANKS TO THE COURAGE OF THIS INFANT AND HER PARENTS (« In those days, the advice to parents was to leave the baby here to die or take it home to die)

    « Infants with heart disease yet to be born will someday soon have the opportunity to live, thanks to the courage of this infant and her parents.”

    Leonard Lee Bailey (1984)

    « In those days, the advice to parents was to leave the baby here to die or take it home to die. »

    Leonard Lee Bailey

    “It amazes me that 90 per cent of us can enjoy a juicy steak, paté de foie or a good joint of lamb and not face protesters at the meat market. [but] use a baboon’s heart to save the life of a child, however, and suddenly we are told that we all need a lesson in compassion for animals.”

    Letter to the editor of Montreal’s Gazette

    It was during a thoracic and cardiovascular surgery residency at Toronto’s Hospital for Sick Children in the 1970s that he saw numerous otherwise healthy babies die from hypoplastic left heart syndrome — a congenital heart defect that defied successful reconstructive heart surgery. He returned to Loma Linda University in 1976 to join the faculty as an assistant professor at the School of Medicine. Over the next few years he performed more than 200 experimental transplantations in infant research animals to determine the feasibility of transplantation in young mammals. On October 26, 1984, Bailey and his team transplanted a baboon’s heart into “Baby Fae,” as she became known to the media. The procedure sharply divided the medical community and brought protest from animal rights groups, some of which sent protestors to the university and called the procedure “ghoulish tinkering” with human and animal life, media reports stated. But the procedure had widespread support, too. Baby Fae lived for 21 days, two weeks longer than any other previous inter-species transplant recipient…

    https://spectrummagazine.org/news/2019/iconic-baby-fae-surgeon-leonard-bailey-dies-age-76

    J'aime

  6. jcdurbant dit :

    THANKING THE ALMIGHTY (At that time, babies born with certain kinds of exotic heart disease were set aside to die, Leonard Bailey)

    ‘At that time, babies born with certain kinds of exotic heart disease weren’t even treated – they were set aside to die. And they uniformly did that. I had encountered some of those babies. We tried various things to see if we could prolong their lives. Mostly we prolonged their dying, maybe by a few days. But we had no success at all in saving them.

    Leonard Lee Bailey

    ‘When we operate on these babies, the hope is that they will live longer than us. It’s nice to know that’s playing out. Often when we start a case we thank the Almighty that He has put us in this position to help and that the outcomes will be according to His will. »

    Leonard Lee Bailey

    « Baby Fae helped absolutely transform the landscape of pediatric heart transplants, generating unprecedented levels of public awarenes. People everywhere learned of the pressing need for infant organ donation. In addition, an entire generation of students was inspired to follow in Dr. Bailey’s footsteps and become pediatric surgeons. (…) His work also propelled Loma Linda University Health to become the world’s leading pediatric heart transplant center and led to innovations that enable surgeons to repair certain complex congenital heart defects instead of patients having to undergo a transplant. »

    Loma Linda website

    Leonard Lee Bailey was born on August 28, 1942, in Takoma Park, Maryland. He graduated from the nearby Columbia Union College (now Washington Adventist University) in 1964 and earned an MD from Loma Linda University School of Medicine in 1969 and did his residency at Toronto’s Hospital for Sick Children, where he saw babies die from congenital heart defects. The 1984 surgery established Bailey as a leading authority and pioneer of human-to-human heart transplants, skyrocketing the small-town doctor to fame. But his surgery raised moral and ethical questions on the use of animals as an organ supermarket and cross-species transplants.

    The backlash by animal rights activists and critics was so strong, he was suggested to wear a bullet-proof vest when he was scheduled to deliver a talk on the ethics of the Baby Fae operation. He ended up cancelling that appearance altogether.

    In that operation on October 26, 1984 he gave Baby Fae – whose real name was Stephanie Fae Beauclair – a new chance at life as she was born premature with a congenital heart defect called hypoplastic left heart syndrome. At the time Bailey and others had been experimenting with cross-species transplants in the laboratory.

    With no human infant heart available for transplant, Bailey decided on a radical procedure: when Baby Fae was 12 days old, he transplanted the tiny heart of a baboon into her body. She died 21 days later – two weeks longer than any other previous inter-species transplant recipient. The operation was seen as a pioneering scientific feat.

    The year after Baby Fae’s operation, Bailey performed the first successful human infant-to-infant heart transplant. Bailey went on to perform nearly 400 infant heart transplants at Loma Linda, where he was a professor and surgeon-in-chief at Loma Linda University Children’s Hospital.

    Bailey was known to roam the halls of the hospitals wearing neckties featuring Snoopy or Looney Tunes characters to humor his young patients.

    Many of his infant heart-transplant patients came back to visit him as teenagers and adults and at least one went on to attend medical school…

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7035179/Surgeon-transplanted-baboon-heart-baby-dies.html

    J'aime

  7. jcdurbant dit :

    DAYS OF MIRACLE AND WONDER (And the baby with the baboon heart)


    « These are the days of miracle and wonder (…) Medicine is magical and magical is art, the boy in the bubble and the baby with the baboon heart » …

    Paul Simon

    « Hope and dread – that’s right. That’s the way I see the world, a balance between the two, but coming down on the side of hope. That’s the only song where I had any fragment of lyric from the South Africa trip. One night I was falling asleep, somewhere on the edge of consciousness, and I thought, ”The way the camera follows him in slo-mo, the way he smiled at us all.” I had this image in my mind of the films of the Kennedy assassination, that slow-motion thing where you see it frame-by-frame, or the Reagan assassination attempt, where he’s walking along and then all of a sudden everything drops out of the camera, the camera turns this way and that, and then they play it over and over again. I don’t know why I had that image – maybe because there’s so much underlying violence going on in that country that is unspoken about. »

    Paul Simon

    https://www.rollingstone.com/music/music-news/paul-simon-african-odyssey-104029/

    The Boy in the bubble (Paul Simon)

    It was a slow day
    And the sun was beating
    On the soldiers by the side of the road
    There was a bright light
    A shattering of shop windows
    The bomb in the baby carriage
    Was wired to the radio

    These are the days of miracle and wonder
    This is the long distance call
    The way the camera follows us in slo-mo
    The way we look to us all

    The way we look to a distant constellation
    That’s dying in a corner of the sky
    These are the days of miracle and wonder
    And don’t cry baby, don’t cry
    Don’t cry

    It was a dry wind
    And it swept across the desert
    And it curled into the circle of birth
    And the dead sand
    Falling on the children
    The mothers and the fathers
    And the automatic earth

    These are the days of miracle and wonder
    This is the long distance call
    The way the camera follows us in slo-mo
    The way we look to us all, oh yeah

    The way we look to a distant constellation
    That’s dying in a corner of the sky
    These are the days of miracle and wonder
    And don’t cry baby, don’t cry
    Don’t cry

    It’s a turn-around jump shot
    It’s everybody jump start
    It’s every generation throws a hero up the pop charts
    Medicine is magical and magical is art
    The boy in the bubble
    And the baby with the baboon heart

    And I believe
    These are the days of lasers in the jungle
    Lasers in the jungle somewhere
    Staccato signals of constant information
    A loose affiliation of millionaires
    And billionaires and baby

    These are the days of miracle and wonder
    This is the long distance call
    The way the camera follows us in slo-mo
    The way we look to us all, oh yeah

    The way we look to a distant constellation
    That’s dying in a corner of the sky
    These are the days of miracle and wonder
    And don’t cry baby, don’t cry
    Don’t cry, don’t cry

    J'aime

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