Le placement cynique, par les Serbes, d’armes et de véhicules dans des habitations et des bâtiments civils, la présence de véhicules militaires dans des convois civils et, parfois, le recours à des boucliers humains, a compliqué les frappes aériennes. Les Serbes ont ainsi pu exploiter le souci qu’avait l’OTAN d’éviter de faire des victimes civiles.
Crise au Kosovo, OTAN, octobre 2000 (un an après une campagne de bombardements qui, on s’en souvient, avait fait plus de 500 victimes civiles)
Au moment où nos médias et dirigeants n’en peuvent plus de s’extasier devant le prétendu savoir-faire politique du Hezbollah, voici une petite et éfifiante sélection d’images sur… le seul parti politique au monde à posséder 12 000 missiles !
Mais n’allez pas chercher ces photos dans vos médias, à l’exception peut-être du journal australien Herald Sun qui a pris la peine de montrer en plus les vraies conditions d’utilisation de ces missiles, à savoir en pleine ville et au beau milieu de ces fameux civils dont les unes de nos journaux sont pleines.
July 30, 2006
Sunday Herald Sun
THIS is the picture that damns Hezbollah. It is one of several, smuggled from behind Lebanon’s battle lines, showing that Hezbollah is waging war amid suburbia.
The images, obtained exclusively by the Sunday Herald Sun, show Hezbollah using high-density residential areas as launch pads for rockets and heavy-calibre weapons.
Dressed in civilian clothing so they can quickly disappear, the militants carrying automatic assault rifles and ride in on trucks mounted with cannon.
The photographs, from the Christian area of Wadi Chahrour in the east of Beirut, were taken by a visiting journalist and smuggled out by a friend.
They emerged as:
US President George Bush called for an
international force to be sent to Lebanon.
ISRAEL called up another 30,000 reserve troops.
THE UN’s humanitarian chief Jan Egeland called for a three-day truce to evacuate civilians and transport food and water into cut-off areas.
US SECRETARY of State Condoleezza Rice returned to the Middle East to push a UN resolution aimed at ending the 18-day war, and:
A PALESTINIAN militant group said it had kidnapped, killed and burned an Israeli settler in the West Bank.
The images include one of a group of men and youths preparing to fire an anti-aircraft gun metres from an apartment block with sheets hanging out on a balcony to dry.
Others show a militant with AK47 rifle guarding no-go zones after Israeli blitzes.
Another depicts the remnants of a Hezbollah Katyusha rocket in the middle of a residential block blown up in an Israeli air attack.
The Melbourne man who smuggled the shots out of Beirut and did not wish to be named said he was less than 400m from the block when it was obliterated.
« Hezbollah came in to launch their rockets, then within minutes the area was blasted by Israeli jets, » he said.
« Until the Hezbollah fighters arrived, it had not been touched by the Israelis. Then it was totally devastated.
« It was carnage. Two innocent people died in that incident, but it was so lucky it was not more. »
The release of the images comes as Hezbollah faces criticism for allegedly using innocent civilians as « human shields ».
Mr Egeland blasted Hezbollah as « cowards » for operating among civilians.
« When I was in Lebanon, in the Hezbollah heartland, I said Hezbollah must stop this cowardly blending in among women and children, » he said.
One photograph depicts a fighter with an AK-47 rifle guarding « no-go » zones after an Israeli attack, and another with a group of men and youths preparing to fire an anti-aircraft gun in an apartment block, with sheets hanging out to dry on a balcony. Another shows the remnants of a Hezbollah Katyusha rocket in the middle of a residential block destroyed in an Israeli airstrike. An Australian was standing just down the street when the block was obliterated. « Hezbollah came in to launch their rockets, then within minutes the area was blasted by Israeli jets, » he said. « Until the Hezbollah fighters arrived, it had not been touched by the Israelis. Then, it was totally devastated…It was carnage. Two innocent people died in that incident, but it was so lucky it was not more. »
Hezbollah’s human shields
The Washington Times
July 31, 2006
Israel is being vilified by opportunistic politicians and the international media over the air strike that killed 56 persons early yesterday in the Lebanese village of Qana. In the rush to blame Israel, a number of relevant facts are ignored: 1) the sad fact of the matter is that, no matter how much is done to minimize the risk to civilians, civilians inevitably die in wars; 2) Israel has placed its soldiers at risk in order to minimize civilian casualties in Lebanon, while Hezbollah, in flagrant violation of international law, including the Geneva Conventions, deliberately behaves in ways to maximize harm to Israeli and Lebanese civilians; 3) in Qana there were indisputable military targets, including locations from which Hezbollah has been firing rockets into Israel; 4) pending the outcome of an investigation, there is no way to tell whether all of those killed in the airstrike were « civilians, » as Israel’s critics confidently tell us, or whether the dead were actually a mix of combatants and noncombatants.
Senior Israeli officials said yesterday that Hezbollah rocket launchers were concealed in civilian buildings in the village, from which 150 rockets were fired over the past 20 days. They showed reporters video footage of rocket launchers being driven into Qana, from whence rockets were fired at northern Israeli towns, including Kiryat Shemona, Afula and Ma’alot. Israel targeted the building hit early yesterday because intelligence reports indicated that Hezbollah operatives were inside, along with Katyusha rockets and launchers. Typically Hezbollah fighters fire rockets at Israeli targets and then dart into nearby buildings.
Indeed, as it has repeatedly done in the course of the 19-day-old military campaign against Hezbollah in Lebanon, the Israel Defense Forces have relinquished the element of surprise by dropping leaflets on Qana and many other Lebanese towns telling residents that they should leave the area because the IDF is preparing to conduct military operations against Hezbollah. Just as Israel tries to move Lebanese civilians out of the line of fire, Hezbollah does its best to put them in danger and peril. In a dispatch published yesterday in Australia, the Sydney Sunday Herald Sun demonstrates just how Hezbollah wages war.
The photographs, from a Christian area of eastern Beirut called Wadi Chahrour, were smuggled out of Lebanon. One photograph depicts a fighter with an AK-47 rifle guarding « no-go » zones after an Israeli attack, and another with a group of men and youths preparing to fire an anti-aircraft gun in an apartment block, with sheets hanging out to dry on a balcony. Another shows the remnants of a Hezbollah Katyusha rocket in the middle of a residential block destroyed in an Israeli airstrike. An Australian was standing just down the street when the block was obliterated. « Hezbollah came in to launch their rockets, then within minutes the area was blasted by Israeli jets, » he said. « Until the Hezbollah fighters arrived, it had not been touched by the Israelis. Then, it was totally devastated…It was carnage. Two innocent people died in that incident, but it was so lucky it was not more. » (The pictures are posted online at http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun.)
Hezbollah’s treatment of both Israeli and Lebanese civilians violates international law. Article 51 of the Additional Protocol to the Geneva Convention states that: « The civilian population as such, as well as individual civilians, shall not be the subject of attack. » Moreover, by using Lebanese civilians as human shields, Hezbollah appears to be violating Article 58 of Protocol 1, which requires parties to a conflict to « Avoid locating military objectives within or near densely populated areas. » Article 28 of the Fourth Geneva Convention states: « The presence of a protected person may not be used to render certain points or areas immune from military operations. »
U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan falsely accuses Israel of deliberately attacking members of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), even as Hezbollah repeatedly targets U.N. peacekeepers. Last Monday, an Internet site called Little Green Footballs notes that the United Nations issued a press release reporting that an unarmed U.N. observer was critically wounded by small arms fire originating from a position controlled by Hezbollah. He was airlifted to an Israeli hospital for treatment. The following day, Hezbollah opened fire on a U.N. convoy, forcing it to turn back. On Friday, U.N. forces issued a press release reporting that « Hezbollah fired from the vicinity of five U.N. positions » in southern Lebanon, and that the number of troops in a Ghanaian battalion of the U.N. is « somewhat reduced » due to Hezbollah firing from near the U.N. positions, which provokes retaliatory shelling from the Israeli side.
In sum, Hezbollah — along with its enablers in Tehran and Damascus — bears full responsibility for the carnage in both Israel and Lebanon.
« showing that Hezbollah is waging war amid suburbia. The images…show Hezbollah using high-density residential areas as launch pads for rockets and heavy-calibre weapons. Dressed in civilian clothing so they can quickly disappear, the militants carrying automatic assault rifles and ride in on trucks mounted with cannon. »
Voir enfin :
Israel Under Fire
July 16, 2006
A look at some of the myths and facts following Hezbollah’s attack on Israel.
Israeli military operations in Lebanon are taking place in response to an unprovoked border attack which left 8 Israeli soldiers dead and two kidnapped by the Hezbollah. Since then many more Israelis have been wounded and killed by over 700 Katyusha missiles and mortars that have rained down on Israel’s northern cities, including as far south as Haifa and Tiberias. Israel is exercising her legitimate right to self-defense.
Please stand up for Israel at this extremely difficult time and support our efforts to promote balance in the media, particularly as the volume of media coverage expands so dramatically.
MYTHS AND FACTS SURROUNDING THE CRISIS
Myth – « Israel’s response is disproportionate. »
Fact – The definition of a « disproportionate » response is a subjective one. The question that could be asked of any other country in the world is simply: « What would you do in the same situation? » When protecting its citizens, exercising the right to self-defense and responding to missile attacks over a recognized border, most countries would respond in a similar manner. After all, how many Israelis need to die before the world believes that Israeli responses are proportionate?
Any civilian casualties in a conflict are, of course, tragic and regrettable. Civilians on both sides are suffering. However, Israeli air strikes on Lebanon are not intended to kill civilians, unlike the hundreds of Hezbollah missiles that are targeted specifically at Israeli civilians who have been forced into bomb shelters for their own safety. Israel has even dropped leaflets on Beirut suburbs calling on civilians to stay away from Hezbollah strongholds to avoid being caught up in the fighting.
Israel has also been criticized for targeting Lebanese infrastructure such as the Beirut airport. However, it is also interesting to note what has not been targeted. For example, while the airport runway was bombed, other vital installations such as the control tower were left untouched and Lebanese civilian airliners were allowed to fly to safety. Transport hubs and bridges have been targeted in order to prevent Hezbollah moving the kidnapped Israeli soldiers deeper into Lebanon and possibly even as far as Iran, as well as to prevent the terrorist organization being re-supplied with arms from Iran and elsewhere.
Many of Hezbollah’s facilities and missile launch sites are located near residential areas, such as the suburbs of southern Beirut. Terrorists hide within the civilian population and use this population as a shield. Israel’s priority is to strike at the Hezbollah terrorist infrastructure that has been allowed to develop in Lebanon.
Israel has, so far, avoided initiating a major ground offensive into Lebanese territory and has barely used a fraction of the firepower available to the IDF.
Myth – « Lebanon bears no responsibility for the actions of Hezbollah. »
Fact – UN Security Council Resolution 1559 of September 2004, which referred back to Resolution 425, called « upon all remaining foreign forces to withdraw from Lebanon »; « for the disbanding and disarmament of all Lebanese and non-Lebanese militias »; and supported « the extension of the control of the Government of Lebanon over all Lebanese territory ».
Syria eventually complied with 1559 and removed its occupying forces. However, the Lebanese government has not disarmed Hezbollah nor has it sent its armed forces to secure southern Lebanon and the border with Israel.
In addition, Hezbollah is actually part of the Lebanese government, which contains two Hezbollah members in the Cabinet. The Lebanese government, therefore, cannot abstain from responsibility for the actions of a part of its own leadership.
Myth – « Hezbollah is an indigenous Lebanese ‘resistance’ organization. »
Fact – According to the Council on Foreign Relations, the Hezbollah:
is a Lebanese umbrella organization of radical Islamic Shiite groups and organizations. It opposes the West, seeks to create a Muslim fundamentalist state modeled on Iran, and is a bitter foe of Israel. Hezbollah, whose name means « party of God, » is a terrorist group believed responsible for nearly 200 attacks since 1982 that have killed more than 800 people.
Hezbollah and its affiliates have planned or been linked to a lengthy series of terrorist attacks against the United States, Israel, and other Western targets. These attacks include:
• a series of kidnappings of Westerners in Lebanon, including several Americans, in the 1980s;
• the suicide truck bombings that killed more than 200 U.S. Marines at their barracks in Beirut, Lebanon, in 1983;
• the 1985 hijacking of TWA flight 847, which featured the famous footage of the plane?s pilot leaning out of the cockpit with a gun to his head;
• and two major 1990s attacks on Jewish targets in Argentina – the 1992 bombing of the Israeli Embassy (killing twenty-nine) and the 1994 bombing of a Jewish community center (killing ninety-five).
In addition, Hezbollah is sponsored, funded and armed by Iran and Syria who use the organization as a proxy to fight Israel and to destabilize the region. Hezbollah is designated as a Foreign Terrorist Organization by the US State Department.
For more information on Hezbollah, see the following sources:
Institute for Counter-Terrorism
Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center
Terrorism Knowledge Base
Myth – « Outside actors such as Iran are not fuelling the crisis. »
Fact – A number of analysts have suggested that the timing of the Hezbollah operation is no coincidence, occurring just prior to the G8 Summit in St. Petersburg. The G8 was expected to concentrate heavily on Iran’s refusal to comply with demands to curtail its nuclear program. A wider Mideast crisis, provoked by Iran’s Hezbollah proxies, has now moved to the top of the G8 agenda, thus relieving some of the pressure on Iran.
In addition, Iranian fingerprints are to be found in the current conflict. The Katyusha missiles that are currently raining down on the north of Israel are supplied by Iran. An Israeli Naval vessel was also struck by an Iranian-made C802 missile, killing four sailors.
Myth – « Israel continues to occupy Lebanese land, specifically the Shebaa Farms area. »
Fact – On May 24, 2000, Israel completed the unilateral withdrawal of all IDF forces from southern Lebanon, in accordance with Israeli government decisions and UN Security Council Resolution 425, ending an 18-year presence there.
On June 18, 2000, the UN Security Council endorsed the Secretary-General’s conclusion that, as of 16 June, Israel had withdrawn its forces from Lebanon in accordance with Resolution 425.
As explained by Israel’s Foreign Ministry, the Shebaa Farms area is not, and should not be, considered disputed territory – its status was clarified by a number of United Nations statements following the withdrawal of Israel forces from Lebanon in May 2000.
The United Nations views the Shebaa Farms area as Syrian territory. Therefore, UN Security Council Resolution 425 – which concerns Lebanon – does not require Israel to withdraw from this area.
While Lebanon claims to be the owner of the Shebaa Farms area, the UN has encouraged the Lebanese and Syrians to negotiate between themselves as to who is the rightful owner. If Syria were to cede ownership of the area to Lebanon, then it is probable that Israel and the UN would then reconsider the status of the territory. In the meantime, the issue of the Shebaa Farms is used simply as an excuse for the Hezbollah to maintain itself as an armed force in the region.
Myth – « Arab prisoners held in Israeli jails were kidnapped from Lebanese soil and should be released. »
Some Lebanese and other Arab spokespeople have defended Hezbollah’s actions as a legitimate form of « resistance » aimed at securing the release of Lebanese prisoners held in Israeli jails from the period of Israel’s presence in its southern Lebanon security zone.
Fact – The prisoner whom Hezbollah is demanding, above all others, be released, is Samir Kuntar, jailed in Israel since a 1979 attack in the northern Israeli town of Nahariyah, in which he entered an apartment and murdered three family members and an Israeli police officer.
Kuntar is quite simply a terrorist and a murderer who committed a terrible atrocity on Israeli soil. Those prisoners held in Israeli jails captured during Israel’s stay in southern Lebanon are, likewise, held for terrorist offences and due to the inherent risk that they will return to their previous activities.
FURTHER READING AND ANALYSIS
Israel’s next war has begun, Yossi Klein Halevi, New Republic
The Nation of Hezbollah, Megan K. Stack and Rania Abouzeid, LA Times
Necessary Steps for Israel, Michael Oren, Washington Post
Israeli crisis is a smokescreen for Iran’s nuclear ambitions, Con Coughlin, Daily Telegraph
States of Terror, Editorial, Wall Street Journal
Terror as Statecraft, Editorial, Chicago Tribune
Mideast Madness, Editorial, Houston Chronicle