Médias-terrorisme: une spirale de mort mutuellement bénéfique (Media-Terrorism: partners in crime)

Media_terror

More ink equals more blood,  newspaper coverage of terrorist incidents leads directly to more attacks. It’s a macabre example of win-win in what economists call a « common-interest game. Both the media and terrorists benefit from terrorist incidents, » their study contends. Terrorists get free publicity for themselves and their cause. The media, meanwhile, make money « as reports of terror attacks increase newspaper sales and the number of television viewers ». Bruno S. Frey (University of Zurich) et Dominic Rohner (Cambridge)

Confirmation, par deux économistes suisse et britannique (merci lagrette), des liaisons dangereuses entre les medias et le terrorisme qui, comme on le soupçonne depuis longtemps, fonctionnent en une sorte de dispositif pervers, à savoir une véritable “spirale de mort mutuellement bénéfique” où plus le sang coule, plus l’encre coule et… vice-versa!

Ce qui est d’autant plus fâcheux qu’en plus des désastreuses conséquences pour les sociétés qui sont les premières victimes des terroristes (insécurité, cycle terreur – contre-terreur), tout ce tapage médiatique leur donne une fausse impression d’efficacité.

Alors que toute l’histoire récente (Malaisie, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Palestine, Tchéchénie, Irak, Colombie, Pérou, Irlande du nord, Espagne, ou même plus marginalement, Allemagne, Italie, France, Japon, Bretagne, Corse, Illich Ramirez-Sanchez au fond de sa prison parisienne) montre qu’hormis quelques effets ponctuels (la reculade de Madrid ou la capitulation préventive de pays comme la France ou l’Allemagne) ou l’installation de régimes tyranniques (Algérie du FLN), les organisations terroristes n’ont jamais rien accompli de durable.

Contrairement à la véritable « arme des faibles », les mouvements de masse (les organisations terroristes restant elles des mouvements d’élite prétendant réaliser les objectifs des opprimés sans et souvent… contre leur participation!) et généralement non-violents (manifestations de masse, grèves générales) qui, hormis contre les vrais régimes totalitaires (mais ceux-ci se montrent tout aussi résistants aux actions terroristes !), ont eux fait véritablement bouger les choses et laissé une trace dans l’histoire, comme par exemple la libération indienne derrière Ghandi ou le mouvement pour les droits civiques de Martin Luther King, mais aussi plus près de nous le syndicat polonais Solidarnosc ou les « People’s power » philippin, ukrainien, georgien, etc.

What’s Black and White and Red All Over?

Richard Morin
June 15, 2006

More ink equals more blood, claim two economists who say that newspaper coverage of terrorist incidents leads directly to more attacks.

It’s a macabre example of win-win in what economists call a « common-interest game, » say Bruno S. Frey of the University of Zurich and Dominic Rohner of Cambridge University.

« Both the media and terrorists benefit from terrorist incidents, » their study contends. Terrorists get free publicity for themselves and their cause. The media, meanwhile, make money « as reports of terror attacks increase newspaper sales and the number of television viewers. »

The researchers counted direct references to terrorism between 1998 and 2005 in the New York Times and Neue Zuercher Zeitung, a respected Swiss newspaper. They also collected data on terrorist attacks around the world during that period. Using a statistical procedure called the Granger Causality Test, they attempted to determine whether more coverage directly led to more attacks.

The results, they said, were unequivocal: Coverage caused more attacks, and attacks caused more coverage — a mutually beneficial spiral of death that they say has increased because of a heightened interest in terrorism since Sept. 11, 2001.

One partial solution: Deny groups publicity by not publicly naming the attackers, Frey said. But won’t they become known anyway through informal channels such as the Internet?

Not necessarily, Frey said. « Many experiences show us that in virtually all cases several groups claimed responsibility for a particular terrorist act. I would like the same rule that obtains within a country: Nobody can be called a criminal — in our case a terrorist — if this has not been established by a court of law. »

16 commentaires pour Médias-terrorisme: une spirale de mort mutuellement bénéfique (Media-Terrorism: partners in crime)

  1. […] part, comme le rappelle le photographe canado-israélien Simcha Jacobovici, que nous jouons tous, journalistes comme commentateurs comme public, dans ce nouveau massacre délibéré des innocents […]

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  2. […] part, comme le rappelle le photographe canado-israélien Simcha Jacobovici, que nous jouons tous, journalistes comme commentateurs comme public, dans ce nouveau massacre délibéré des innocents […]

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  3. […] part, comme le rappelle le photographe canado-israélien Simcha Jacobovici, que nous jouons tous, journalistes comme commentateurs comme public, dans ce nouveau massacre délibéré des innocents […]

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  4. […] part, comme le rappelle le photographe canado-israélien Simcha Jacobovici, que nous jouons tous, journalistes comme commentateurs comme public, dans ce nouveau massacre délibéré des innocents […]

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  5. […] aussi la part, comme le rappelle le photographe canadien Simcha Jacobovici, que nous jouons tous, journalistes comme commentateurs comme public, dans ce nouveau massacre délibéré des innocents […]

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  6. […] aussi la part, comme le rappelle le photographe canadien Simcha Jacobovici, que nous jouons tous, journalistes comme commentateurs ou public, dans ce nouveau massacre délibéré des innocents […]

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  7. […] « as reports of terror attacks increase newspaper sales and the number of television viewers ». Bruno S. Frey (University of Zurich) et Dominic Rohner […]

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  8. jcdurbant dit :

    Nouvelle confirmation:

    Seems the more people you kill, the more your’re in the limelight.

    Chris Harper

    As I’m sure you all know, a few days ago there was a shooting in Virginia. A man named Vester Flanagan opened fire on two former colleagues on live tv. He also recorded his own footage of the event. While reading about the event, I read some excerpts of his manifesto the media was releasing. And I have to say, anyone who knew him could have seen this coming. People like him have nothing left to live for, and the only thing left to do is lash out at a society that has abandoned them. His family described him as alone, no partner/lover. A victim not only of his own perception but also of our social media soaked enviroment. He posted the footage on facebook and twitter as well tweeting while he was running from the cops because he wanted the world to see his actions, much like many others post menial and trivial details of their life online and expect us to see it. Only his was at least a bit more interesting. On an interesting note, I have noticed that so many people like him are all alone and unknown, yet when they spill a little blood, the whole world knows who they are. A man who was known by no one, is now known by everyone. His face splashed across every screen, his name across the lips of every person on the planet, all in the course of one day. Seems the more people you kill, the more your’re in the limelight.

    Chris Harper

    http://heavy.com/news/2015/10/chris-mercer-harper-blog-vester-lee-flanagan-wdbj7-tv-shooter-inspired-motive/

    The shooter was inside at that point, and he told people to get on the ground. The shooter was asking people to stand up and state their religion and then started firing away …

    http://www.nrtoday.com/news/18445375-113/ucc-shooting-rampage-at-least-13-reported-dead

    The suspect, 41-year-old Vester Flanagan, shot himself as police pursued him on a Virginia highway hours after the shooting. Flanagan, who was African-American, died later at a hospital, police said. The journalists who were killed were reporter Alison Parker, 24, and cameraman Adam Ward, 27. Both journalists were white, as is a woman who they were interviewing. The woman was wounded and was in stable condition, a hospital spokesman said. Social media postings by a person who appeared to be Flanagan indicated the suspect had grievances against the station, CBS affiliate WDBJ7 in Roanoke, Virginia, which let him go two years ago. The person also posted video that appeared to show the attack filmed from the shooter’s vantage point. Flanagan sent ABC News a 23-page fax about two hours after the shooting, saying his attack was triggered by the June 17 mass shooting at a black church in Charleston, South Carolina, the network said. Nine people were killed, and a white man has been charged in that rampage. The network cited Flanagan as saying he had suffered racial discrimination, sexual harassment and bullying at work. He had been attacked by black men and white women, and for being a gay black man, he said. « The church shooting was the tipping point … but my anger has been building steadily, » ABC News cited the fax as saying. « I’ve been a human powder keg for a while … just waiting to go BOOM! »

    https://news.yahoo.com/two-virginia-television-journalists-fatally-shot-air-attack-130244085.html

    The Franklin County Sheriff’s Office said Friday former WDBJ-TV employee Vester Lee Flanagan II identified with « individuals who have committed domestic acts of violence and mass murder, as well as the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks on the U.S., » based on writings and other evidence seized from the 41-year-old’s Roanoke apartment.

    http://www.cbs12.com/news/top-stories/stories/vester-flanagan-very-closely-identified-foreign-domestic-terrorists-police-28780.shtml

    America’s chickens…are coming home to roost. We took this country by terror, away from the Sioux, the Apache, the Arowak, the Comanche, the Arapahoe, the Navajo. Terrorism. We took Africans from their country to build our way of ease and kept them enslaved and living in fear. Terrorism. We bombed Granada and killed innocent civilians, babies, non-military personnel. We bombed the black civilian community of Panama with stealth bombers and killed unarmed teenagers and toddlers, pregnant mothers, and hardworking fathers. We bombed Qaddafi’s home and killed his child. Blessed are they who bash your children’s head against a rock. We bombed Iraq. We killed unarmed civilians trying to make a living. We bombed a plant in Sudan to payback for the attack on our embassy, killed hundreds of hardworking people, mothers and fathers who left home to go that day not knowing that they would never get back home. We bombed Hiroshima, we bombed Nagasaki, and we nuked far more than the thousands in New York and the Pentagon and we never batted an eye. Kids playing in the playground, mothers picking up children from school, civilians, not soldiers, people just trying to make it day by day. We have supported state terrorism against the Palestinians and Black South Africans and now we are indignant because the stuff we have done overseas is now brought right back to our own front yards. America’s chickens are coming home to roost.

    Rev. Jeremiah Wright

    J'aime

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